FASD News Archive 2015

Week 51 | 49 | 47 | 45 | 43 | 41 | 39 | 37 | 35 | 33 | 31 | 29 | 27 | 25 | 21 | 19 | 17 | 14 | 11 | 9 | 3 | 1 |


Week 51, 2015

NEWS and ARTICLES

New Guideline: Diagnosis of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder A new Canadian guideline for diagnosing fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) updates recommendations last issued in 2005 and is specifically designed for multidisciplinary diagnostic teams. Medscape (Canada)

MPs call for urgent action on foetal alcohol spectrum disorder MPs have highlighted the prevalence of children with foetal alcohol spectrum disorder in the adoption system and called for better training for social workers on the issue. Communitycare.co.uk (UK)

Govt seeks ways to deal with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder The government is looking for ways to deal with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) and wants public input. It's caused by pregnant women drinking alcohol and Associate Health Minister Peter Dunne says an estimated 570 children are born with FASD each year. 3News NZ (New Zealand)

Alaska children with fetal alcohol disorders become eligible for special education The board also agreed to allow advanced nurse practitioners -- not just doctors -- to diagnose fetal alcohol spectrum disorders. KTUU.com (USA)

Warning labels needed on booze, say doctors Health warning labels on alcoholic drinks should be required to lower deaths from booze-related disease and accidents, the Hong Kong Medical Association urged yesterday. Hong Kong Standard (Hong Kong)

UB Researcher: No level of alcohol is safe during pregnancy The American Academy of Pediatrics announced new recommendations this fall that encourage women who are pregnant to refrain from drinking any alcohol or face a greater prospect of giving birth to a child with mental, behavioral or physical disabilities. Buffalo News

MATERIALS

FASDcasts Using web casting technology, POPFASD is able to deliver flexible FASD worjshops to any school site. POPFASD

Planning for Students with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder This document is intended to assist educators in meeting the needs of students who are affected by prenatal alcohol exposure. Across Saskatchewan, school personnel have been working to find the best approaches for meeting the needs of all students. This document is provided to assist them in this process. Government of Saskatchewan

[Podcasts] Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder guideline + recording physician-assisted dying on death certificate Diagnosis of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder is essential to improve outcomes for affected individuals and families, and to inform pre-pregnancy counselling to prevent future cases. CMAJBlogs

RESEARCH

Prenatal binge-like alcohol exposure alters brain and systemic responses to reach sodium and water balance The aim of the present work is to analyze how prenatal binge-like ethanol exposure to a moderate dose (2.0 g/kg; group Pre-EtOH) during gestational days (GD) 17–20 affects hydroelectrolyte regulatory responses. Neuroscience

Effects of binge ethanol exposure during first-trimester equivalent on corticothalamic neurons in Swiss Webster outbred mice Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders range in severity depending on the amount, timing, and frequency of alcohol exposure. Regardless of severity, sensorimotor defects are commonly reported. Neuroreport

Protective role of taurine in developing offspring affected by maternal alcohol consumption Maternal alcohol consumption is known to affect offspring growth and development, including growth deficits, physical anomalies, impaired brain functions and behavioral disturbances. EXCLI Journal

Guided internet-based parent training for challenging behavior in children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (Strongest Families FASD): study protocol for a randomized controlled trial Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) is a term used to encompass the full range of neurobehavioral and cognitive dysfunction that may occur as a consequence of prenatal alcohol exposure. There is relatively little research on intervention strategies that specifically target the behavioral problems of children with FASD. JMIR Research Protocols

IN OTHER LANGUAGES

Prevenzione e diagnosi della sindrome feto-alcolica. Le nuove Linee guida canadesi Bambini e adulti che hanno avuto un’esposizione prenatale ad alcol e che presentano disturbi dello sviluppo neurologico e/o dismorfismi facciali specifici, dovrebbero essere indirizzati verso controlli per una possibile diagnosi di un disturbo della sindrome feto-alcolica. Quotidiano Sanità (Italy)


Week 49, 2015

PRESS

UB Researcher: No level of alcohol is safe during pregnancy The American Academy of Pediatrics announced new recommendations this fall that encourage women who are pregnant to refrain from drinking any alcohol or face a greater prospect of giving birth to a child with mental, behavioral or physical disabilities. Buffalo News

How one generation’s experience can affect the next These findings have helped motivate modern research into the oft-discredited study of transgenerational effects of the environment. Researchers are now beginning to understand the mechanisms of epigenetic inheritance and to generate evidence for the idea that the experiences of an ancestral population can influence future generations. The Scientist

Greater recognition of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) within the court system in Marlborough Judges and lawyers are changing the way they communicate to help mentally impaired defendants navigate the justice system. Youth Court Judge Tony Fitzgerald said awareness of neurological disabilities, including fetal alcohol spectrum disorder, was increasing within the justice system. Stuff.co.nz (New Zealand)

What social workers need to know about foetal alcohol spectrum disorders Advice on consuming alcohol during pregnancy in the UK is woefully inadequate. Current official guidance given by midwives is: “It is better not to drink, but if you do, then 1 or 2 units, once or twice a week is alright”. Communitycare.co.uk (UK)

Couple honoured in Ottawa for work on fetal alcohol spectrum disorder A husband and wife team known around the world for raising awareness of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) has received an award from the Governor-General in recognition of their contributions. The Globe and Mail (Canada)

VIDEOS and MATERIALS

IHHP - Batchelor - Raise Awareness FASD IHHP in partnership with Batchelor Area School and the Batchelor Institute, wrote this deadly song about FASD. The students, with help from IHHP, have written a song to help raise awareness about Foetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder. Indigenous Hip Hop Projects

Dr Raja Mukherjee on diagnosing FASD Dr Raja Mukherjee (National Clinic for Fetal Alcohol, UK) explains why diagnosing FASD is important. NordAN

European Conference on FASD 2016 Dr Raja Mukherjee´s invitation to EUFASD 2016 in London. www.eufasd.org

FASD and Homelessness

Dr Peter Hepper: there is no safe limit Dr Peter Hepper (Queen’s University Belfast, Northern Ireland): Ultrasound observation of the behaviour of the fetus indicates that both chronic and acute alcohol exposure influences the fetus’ brain and behaviour and, significantly, at low doses. NordAN

Dr Kieran O´Malley: FASD is an transgenerational issue Dr Kieran O´Malley (College of Psychiatrists of Ireland) speaks about fetal alcohol spectrum disorders and the need and possibilities to prevent it. NordAN

Hidden Harm: Australia's Drinking Mums Alcohol is a big part of the Australian culture across every region, and every social class. But for Australian mothers this could be a disaster. The latest research shows there is no safe limit for drinking when pregnant. All it takes is a few drinks at the wrong stage of the pregnancy for mother’s unborn babies to suffer permanent brain damage. Al Jazeera English

Teenage FASD sufferer: 'I can't make friends' Katrina was born with FASD - foetal alcohol spectrum disorder - as a result of the alcohol her biological mother consumed during pregnancy. BBC

RESEARCH

The voice of non-pregnant women on alcohol consumption during pregnancy: a focus group study among women in Sweden Consensus is that fetal exposure to alcohol is harmful. Abstinence while trying to conceive and throughout pregnancy is recommended. Despite this, there are many women who consume alcohol around conception and until pregnancy recognition. Linköping University

Establishment of the South-Eastern Norway Regional Health Authority resource center for children with prenatal alcohol/drug exposure This paper presents a new initiative in the South-Eastern Health Region of Norway to establish a regional resource center focusing on services for children and adolescents aged 2-18 years with prenatal exposure to alcohol or other drugs. Substance Abuse: Research and Treatment

Prenatal ethanol exposure impairs temporal ordering behaviours in young adult rats Prenatal ethanol exposure (PNEE) causes significant deficits in functional (i.e., synaptic) plasticity in the dentate gyrus (DG) and cornu ammonis (CA) hippocampal sub-regions of young adult male rats. Behavioural Brain Research

FASD prevalence among schoolchildren in Poland Prenatal Alcohol Exposure is a major cause of brain damage and developmental delay, known as Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) but in Poland is rarely diagnosed and the scale of problem is not known. Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities

Alcohol exposure in utero is associated with decreased gray matter volume in neonates Neuroimaging studies have indicated that prenatal alcohol exposure is associated with alterations in the structure of specific brain regions. However, the temporal specificity of such changes and their behavioral consequences are less known. Metabolic Brain Disease

Systematic review of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder interventions across the life span Individuals with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs) can experience profound impairments and long-term adverse outcomes. This systematic review adopts a life span perspective providing an extensive analysis of the available literature. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research

IN OTHER LANGUAGES

Briti teadlane: alkohol on lootele ohtlikum kui heroiin ja kahjustused võivad ilmneda ka alles teismeeas Mõnes kogukonnas kannatab loote alkoholisündroomi all ligi 40 protsenti lastest, tõdeb Dr Raja Mukherjee Suurbritannia riiklikust loote alkoholikahjustuse kliinikust. Dr Muhkerjee sõnul kahjustab alkohol nii ema kui loote aju ja loodet isegi ulatuslikumalt kui suitsetamine või heroiin. Delfi (Estonia)


Week 47, 2015

NEWS and ARTICLES

Doctor: It’s unsafe for pregnant women to drink any alcohol Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders -- an umbrella term for the impact of prenatal alcohol use on a child -- affects an estimated 40,000 infants every year, according to 2014 statistics from the National Organization on Fetal Alcohol Syndrome. It is the leading preventable cause of birth defects and developmental disabilities in the United States. Midland Reporter-Telegram

Remote mothers take control of drinking during pregnancy Pregnant mothers have elimin¬ated or reduced their intake of alcohol in a life-affirming turn-around in the Kimberley region, which made international headlines with one of the world’s highest rates of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder, or FASD, in findings published early this year. The Australian (Australia)

Northern Ontario pilot project aims to get MedicAlert bracelets for people with FASD Northern Ontario is the testing ground for a new program for people living with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder. People can apply for a MedicAlert bracelet identifying them as having the brain condition. CBC.ca (Canada)

Research midwife at the Rosie gives evidence to MPs about fetal alcohol syndrome A research midwife at the Rosie has given evidence to a group of MPs who are investigating the current state of fetal alcohol syndrome in the UK. Cambridge News (UK)

Foetal alcohol syndrome ‘more common than we think’ A CORAKI man whose grandson suffers from foetal alcohol syndrome says the condition is far more widespread than people realise. Paul Parker believes up to 10% of the child population in the Northern Rivers could have the condition, and in many cases parents may not realise their children are afflicted by it. Northern Star (Australia)

Alcohol Use In Pregnancy Is Part Of A Complex Set Of Issues In my work as a neonatologist, I've looked after many, many babies. I've seen families of all ages, cultures and circumstances. But I've never seen a mother who wanted to harm her growing baby. Huffington Post Canada

Foetal alcohol spectrum disorder prevalent in Ipswich children, foster carer lobbies for more support An Ipswich foster carer is calling for more support and awareness surrounding foetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD). Courier Mail (Australia)

UPCOMING

FASD and Homelessness (Webinar on December 4) This presentation will review current research and best practices around the subject of FASD and Homelessness. Alberta

VIDEOS and MATERIALS

BEST PRACTICES FOR FASD SERVICE DELIVERY This document is intended to provide guidance for individuals and agencies working with clients with a Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) and their families.

Implications of FASD for the Adoptive Family - NOFAS Webinar Presenter: Dr. Ira J. Chasnoff M.D. AlcoholFreePregnancy

Dr. Ken Jones Speech - NOFAS Event This video is from the 2015 NOFAS International Gala at the Embassy of France in Washington, DC. AlcoholFreePregnancy

RESEARCH

Using a common form for consistent collection and reporting of FASD data from across Canada: a feasibility study This study was undertaken to determine the feasibility of collecting information on individuals newly diagnosed with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) in multi-disciplinary diagnostic programs across Canada. Journal of Population Therapeutics and Clinical Pharmacology

Prenatal exposure to recreational drugs affects global motion perception in preschool children Prenatal exposure to recreational drugs impairs motor and cognitive development; however it is currently unknown whether visual brain areas are affected. Scientific Reports

Prenatal alcohol exposure inducing the apoptosis of mossy cells in hippocampus of SMS2-/- mice In order to understand the mechanisms of alcohol-induced neuroapoptosis through the ceramide pathway, sphingomyelin synthase 2 knockout (SMS2−/−) mice were used to make the prenatal alcohol exposure model, and the role of ceramide regulation on alcohol-induced neuroapoptosis was studied in the offspring. Initially the levels of serum sphingomyelin (SM) were detected with enzymatic method in P0 pups after alcohol exposure in parents. Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology

Cognitive factors contributing to spelling performance in children with prenatal alcohol exposure Heavy prenatal alcohol exposure is associated with impaired school functioning. Spelling performance has not been comprehensively evaluated. Neuropsychology

Prenatal ethanol exposure alters adult hippocampal VGLUT2 expression with concomitant changes in promoter DNA methylation, H3K4 trimethylation and miR-467b-5p levels Maternal consumption of alcohol during pregnancy is associated with a range of physical, cognitive and behavioural outcomes in the offspring which are collectively called foetal alcohol spectrum disorders. Epigenetics and Chromatin

Prenatal substance use: exploring assumptions of maternal unfitness In spite of the growing knowledge and understanding of addiction as a chronic relapsing medical condition, individuals with substance use disorders (SUD) continue to experience stigmatization. Substance Abuse: Research and Treatment

Dose-dependent alcohol-induced alterations in chromatin structure persist beyond the window of exposure and correlate with fetal alcohol syndrome birth defects In recent years, we have come to recognize that a multitude of in utero exposures have the capacity to induce the development of congenital and metabolic defects. As most of these encounters manifest their effects beyond the window of exposure, deciphering the mechanisms of teratogenesis is incredibly difficult. Epigenetics and Chromatin

Eyeblink classical conditioning in alcoholism and fetal alcohol spectrum disorders Alcoholism is a debilitating disorder that can take a significant toll on health and professional and personal relationships. Excessive alcohol consumption can have a serious impact on both drinkers and developing fetuses, leading to long-term learning impairments. Frontiers in Psychiatry

Proceedings of the 2015 Annual Meeting of the Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders Study Group The 2015 Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders Study Group (FASDSG) meeting was titled “Basic Mechanisms and Translational Implications”. Despite decades of basic science and clinical research, our understanding of the mechanisms by which ethanol affects fetal development is still in its infancy. Alcohol

IN OTHER LANGUAGES

Co to jest FASD? Wczesna diagnoza, już w momencie urodzenia daje wskazówki dla szybkiej interwencji, dla leczenia, precyzuje konkretne potrzeby dziecka i rodziny, tylko… jak się przyznać przed lekarzem, położną, że piło się alkohol w czasie ciąży. Radio Olsztyn (Poland)

Raseda alkoholilembus paistab tihti välja imiku näost «Juhul, kui rase tarvitab ka regulaarselt väikeseid alkoholikoguseid, võib see areneva loote rakkude arenemise segi paisata,» rääkis Suurbritannia National Clinic for Fetal Alcohol arst dr Raja Mukherjee. «Veelgi tõenäolisemalt paistab vastsündinu näos välja ema alkoholi kuritarvitamine ning need füüsilised muutused toimuvad embrüoga väga lühikese aja jooksul,» lisas ta. Postimees (Estonia)


Week 45, 2015

PRESS

Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders: 'Hidden' problem is more pervasive than we thought Everyone, it seems, gets a say in the alcohol debate except the unborn child. Monday's Four Corners program highlighted the need for all of us to consider the lifelong impact of environmental exposures in the womb and to ensure that the developing child has the best possible start to life. The Age (Australia)

Child health expert calls for federal intervention to curb alcohol during pregnancy A child health expert has called for stricter taxes on alcohol by the federal government to fight hidden and long-term illnesses that are related to alcohol and pregnancy. A number of conditions expressed as Foetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) arise in children whose mothers drink during pregnancy. International Business Times AU (Australia)

Prisons’ foetal alcohol disorder blind spot THE NSW prison system admits it does not diagnose foetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) in either the adult or juvenile justice system. Clarence Valley Daily Examiner (Australia)

Mothers' guilt - the harm of drinking while pregnant Like all mothers, Anne Russell and Claire Holland love their children dearly. However both women live with the knowledge their actions during pregnancy resulted in their children struggling with life. Stuff.co.nz (New Zealand)

NT Government yet to act on eight month-old fetal alcohol report It was handed a report on how to deal with foetal alcohol disorder eight months ago. But the Northern Territory Government is yet to act on a single recommendation. ABC Online (Australia)

Pregnant women could be advised to drink no alcohol under new NHS guidelines The UK's chief medical officer is considering lowering the safe level of alcohol consumption and advising pregnant women not to drink at all. The Telegraph (UK)

UPCOMING EVENTS

Avatud konverents: raseduseaegse alkoholi mõju lootele (November 25, 2015) Estonia

MATERIALS and VIDEOS

Carmen Rasmussen - Edmonton MILE Dr Carmen Rasmussen speaks about a study, conducted in Edmonton, that measured the effectiveness of the Math Interactive Learning Experience (MILE) program in school and home settings. POPFASD

RESEARCH

Low and moderate prenatal ethanol exposures of mice during gastrulation or neurulation delays neurobehavioral development Human and animal studies show significant delays in neurobehavioral development in offspring after prolonged prenatal exposure to moderate and high ethanol doses resulting in high blood alcohol concentration (BECs). Neurotoxicology and Teratology

Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder: potential role of endocannabinoids signaling One of the unique features of prenatal alcohol exposure in humans is impaired cognitive and behavioral function resulting from damage to the central nervous system (CNS), which leads to a spectrum of impairments referred to as fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD). Brain Sciences

Retrospective assessment of prenatal alcohol exposure by detection of phosphatidylethanol in stored dried blood spot cards: an objective method for determining prevalence rates of alcohol consumption during pregnancy Detection of PEth from newborn DBS cards can identify prenatal alcohol exposure and also be used for retrospective surveillance of alcohol consumption during the last three to four weeks of pregnancy, using specimens that are collected for routine metabolic screening and stored by many state health departments. International Journal of Alcohol and Drug Research

Ethanol, Neurodevelopment, Infant and Child Health (ENRICH) prospective cohort: study design considerations While intervention is the leading factor in reducing long-term disabilities in children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD), early identification of children affected by prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) remains challenging. Advances in Pediatric Research

Fetal alcohol exposure reduces dopamine receptor D2 and increases pituitary weight and prolactin production via epigenetic mechanisms Recent evidence indicated that alcohol exposure during the fetal period increases the susceptibility to tumor development in mammary and prostate tissues. PLoS One

Choline supplementation in children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs) are conditions characterized by physical anomalies, neurodevelopmental abnormalities, and neurocognitive deficits, including intellectual, executive, and memory deficits. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

IN OTHER LANGUAGES

Alkolü sizinle birlikte bebeğiniz de içiyor! Yetişkinlere zararlı olan alkolün bebek de nasıl bir etki göstereceğini tahmin etmek zor olmasa gerek. Alkol annenin kanındaki düzeyle orantılı olarak anne sütüne geçebilmektedir. HABERTURK (Turkey)

30 Prozent der Schwangeren trinken Alkohol Im Grunde sollte es allen klar und völlig selbstverständlich sein: Alkohol in der Schwangerschaft ist tabu.In der Realität sieht das anders aus. In Deutschland trinken bis zu 30 Prozent der werdenden Mütter während der Schwangerschaft. Remscheider General-Anzeiger (Germany)

Alcol in gravidanza, sì o no? Bere o non bere alcol in gravidanza? È il dilemma di molte donne che aspettano un bambino. Un recente documento redatto dagli esperti dell'American Academy of Pediatrics (Aap) rivela che l'esposizione prenatale all'alcol è la principale causa evitabile di difetti alla nascita e disabilità intellettive. Italiasalute.it (Italy)


Week 43, 2015

PRESS

AAP: Any Alcohol Exposure in Pregnancy Is Risky for Baby Because children exposed to any amount of alcohol during pregnancy are at risk for fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD), the American Academy of Pediatrics reaffirmed its recommendation that no amount of alcohol is safe during pregnancy. MedPage Today

Campaigns hopes to lower FASD A new campaign was launched in Edmonton today, aimed at helping expectant mothers stop drinking alcohol during pregnancy. The creators say “Here for Her” is a non-judgmental way of convincing pregnant women not to endanger their babies. 630ched.com (Canada)

Screening for Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder could impact level of youth crime, experts say Screening juveniles for Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) could help break the cycle of youth crime, leading paediatricians and youth justice workers say. ABC Online (Australia)

Alcohol-damaged kids with FASD winding up in prison Ask teachers at Perth’s juvenile jail how many of their students display the telltale signs of foetal alcohol spectrum disorder and they invariably say: “Most of them.” The Australian (Australia)

Mentorship Program Helps At-Risk Pregnant Women, Report Finds The Manitoba Centre for Health Policy at the University of Manitoba recently released an analysis of the InSight Mentoring Program, a provincial program intended to help prevent the development of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD). The Manitoban (Canada)

Helping families facing FASD and RAD, Ranch for Kids awarded re-licensure by State of Montana The Ranch for Kids, a therapeutic program bringing hope and healing to families facing FASD and RAD, announced today that it is again fully licensed by the State of Montana. eNewsChannels (USA)

When Pregnant Women Drink, Their Babies Do Too The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention issued a press release recently that one in 10 pregnant women reported drinking alcohol in the past 30 days. CapeCod.com News

Fetal alcohol syndrome should be considered in death penalty case Ernest Johnson is scheduled to die by lethal injection on Nov. 3, but has documented intellectual disability (IQ of 67) and fetal alcohol syndrome. The death penalty in this case is prohibited by the Eighth Amendment of the Constitution and upheld by the U.S. Supreme Court in Atkins v. Virginia 536 U.S. 304 (2002). STLtoday.com (USA)

NIH Grant Seeks Early Intervention to Prevent Fetal Exposure to Alcohol, Marijuana, and Tobacco A $2 million grant from the National Institutes of Health will help researchers at The University of Texas at Austin’s School of Social Work test a health intervention to reduce fetal exposure to alcohol, marijuana and tobacco during early pregnancy. University of Texas at Austin News (USA)

No alcohol is best for mums-to-be That is the latest warning from two eminent medics, echoing advice from the Department of Health here. Irish Independent (Ireland)

Why Do People Get So Bent Out Of Shape About Drinking While Pregnant? Women shouldn't drink when they're pregnant — absolutely no alcohol at all, according to the American Academy of Pediatrics. But it's been getting a lot of pushback about that edict. NPR

MATERIALS and VIDEOS

How to Help Someone Who Has a Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder Because of the nature of their disability, individuals with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) have very specific needs. CPI’s Nonviolent Crisis Intervention® training program is relevant for those supporting individuals with FASD, and there are specific considerations and possible adaptations for making your training as applicable as possible to this very unique group. CPI

The debate is over! How much alcohol can women really drink while pregnant? If your doctor has ever told you that small amounts of alcohol are safe to drink during pregnancy, a new report is proving them wrong. KFOR.com

RESEARCH

Prenatal exposure to ethanol stimulates hypothalamic CCR2 chemokine receptor system: possible relation to increased density of orexigenic peptide neurons and ethanol drinking in adolescent offspring Clinical and animal studies indicate that maternal consumption of ethanol during pregnancy increases alcohol drinking in the offspring. Possible underlying mechanisms may involve orexigenic peptides, which are stimulated by prenatal ethanol exposure and themselves promote drinking. Neuroscience

Prenatal alcohol exposure and prenatal stress differentially alter glucocorticoid signaling in the placenta and fetal brain Adverse intrauterine environments increase vulnerability to chronic diseases across the lifespan. The hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal (HPA) axis, which integrates multiple neuronal signals and ultimately controls the response to stressors, may provide a final common pathway linking early adversity and adult diseases. Neuroscience

Prenatal alcohol exposure: an assessment strategy for the legal context Studies over the last two decades have shown that people with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) have the kind of brain damage that increases risk of criminal behavior. International Journal of Law and Psychiatry

Neurotoxicity of prenatal alcohol exposure on medullary pre-Bötzinger complex neurons in neonatal rats Prenatal alcohol exposure disrupts the development of normal fetal respiratory function, but whether it perturbs respiratory rhythmical discharge activity is unclear. Neural Regeneration Research

Could a first-trimester blood phosphatidylethanol concentration greater than or equal to 4nM be useful to identify women with moderate-to-heavy prenatal alcohol exposure who are at high risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes? It is accepted that blood phosphatidylethanol (PEth) concentrations are reliable biomarkers of ethanol (alcohol) exposure. We therefore conducted a preliminary study to test the hypothesis that elevated blood PEth concentrations can help to identifying women with prenatal alcohol exposure who are at higher risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes. Medical Hypotheses

Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders Prenatal exposure to alcohol can damage the developing fetus and is the leading preventable cause of birth defects and intellectual and neurodevelopmental disabilities. In 1973, fetal alcohol syndrome was first described as a specific cluster of birth defects resulting from alcohol exposure in utero. Pediatrics

The economic burden of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder in Canada in 2013 FASD is a significant public health and social problem that consumes resources, both economic and societal, in Canada. Many of the costs could be reduced with the implementation of effective social policies and intervention programs. Alcohol and Alcoholism

Epigenetic mechanisms: a possible link between autism spectrum disorders and fetal alcohol spectrum disorders The etiology of autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) still remains unclear and seems to involve a considerable overlap between polygenic, epigenetic and environmental factors. Pharmacological Research

Cognitive and adaptive skill profile differences in children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder with and without comorbid fetal alcohol spectrum disorder Children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) often present with comorbid attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), which can complicate diagnosis and treatment planning. Applied Neuropsychology: Child

Integrating care for individuals with FASD: results from a multi-stakeholder symposium Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) has a significant impact on communities and systems such as health, education, justice and social services. FASD is a complex neurodevelopmental disorder that results in permanent disabilities and associated service needs that change across affected individuals' lifespans. BMC Health Services Research

IN OTHER LANGUAGES

'Eén glaasje heeft al effect op kind' Uit nieuw onderzoek van de American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) blijkt dat als er gedronken wordt in het eerste semester er 12 keer zoveel kans is op Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) waardoor kinderen risico lopen op leer- en ontwikkelingsachterstanden. Telegraaf.nl (Netherland)

Gestantes não devem beber uma só gota de álcool -- e em qualquer fase da gravidez Não há quantidade de álcool segura a ser consumida durante a gravidez. Essa é a nova recomendação da Academia Americana de Pediatria, baseada em estudo publicado no periódico científico Pediatrics. Brasil Post (Brasil)

L’alcol in gravidanza è un rischio per lo sviluppo del feto L’alcol è una sostanza tossica in grado di oltrepassare la placenta e raggiungere il feto alle stesse concentrazioni con cui è stato assunto dalla madre, mettendone in pericolo lo sviluppo BimbiSaniBelli (Italy)


Week 41, 2015

PRESS

Young offenders must be screened for fetal alcohol spectrum disorders before sentencing Australia’s prison population is growing at unprecedented rates. In some states Indigenous prisoners far outnumber their non-Indigenous counterparts. The Conversation AU (Australia)

No safe amount Following three to four years of dealing with infertility issues, Gail Ellis and her husband decided to explore adoption options. Following this decision, the couple began a process of looking at agencies, working with agencies, going through training and then a waiting period. Emporia Gazette

Drinking While Pregnant? UK Experts Demand Clearer Guidelines For Women Who Question Their Alcohol Consumption "Alcohol is not essential to the health or well-being of a pregnant woman and is known to be harmful to her baby," wrote retired pediatrician Dr. Mary Mather, and Kate Wiles, an obstetrics research fellow at Guys and St. Thomas National Health Service Trust hospital in England. "The only ethical advice that can be given is complete abstinence from alcohol in pregnancy." Medical Daily (UK)

Deformed by their mother's alcoholism: The Indian territory where hundreds of children are suffering fetal alcohol syndrome because their pregnant moms won't stop drinking In a Nebraska town, with a population of just 14 people, four stores sold more than four million beer cans in a space of a year. Daily Mail (USA)

Study finds state liquor laws saving more women than men Stricter alcohol laws save lives — but for women more than men. That’s the conclusion of a study published Thursday in the journal Preventing Chronic Disease. The Boston Globe (USA)

Fetal Alcohol Syndrome: Living with the most harmful, yet preventable prenatal disease On June 23, 2000, Lisa Glasgow and her husband adopted 12-month-old Anzhella and her older brother Robert from Russia. When Glasgow met her daughter for the first time, she knew she wasn’t healthy, but she wasn’t going to walk away from the adoption. She didn’t know it at the time, but Anzhella was a victim of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome. Loudoun Times

VIDEOS and MATERIALS

Dan Dubovsky - The Approach Dan Dubovsky speaks about an approach that we all need to use in our work with individuals with FASD. POPFASD

Dan Dubovsky - Mental Health Disorders and FASD Dan Dubovsky speaks about how typical treatments for mental health disorders are not appropriate if FASD is a co-occurring diagnosis. POPFASD

Dan Dubovsky - Comparing ODD, ADHD, and FASD Dan Dubovsky compares the differences between ODD, ADHD, and FASD POPFASD

Alcohol and the Fetal Brain with Dr. Rajesh Miranda On this episode of Brain Matters, Matt and Dr. Rajesh Miranda (Professor, Department of Neuroscience and Experimental Therapeutics, Texas A&M University) talk about fetal alcohol syndrome. Rajesh is passionate about finding ways to help those who fall on the spectrum of this syndrome by uncovering the ways alcohol interacts with the development of the fetal brain. Brain Matters

Preventing FASD A new report by the Manitoba Centre for Health Policy at the University of Manitoba finds the InSight Mentoring Program is helping women with alcohol addictions make healthier choices while pregnant and once they’ve given birth. University of Manitoba Faculty of Health Sciences

Parental Expectations with an Adult Child Impacted by FASD Parental Expectations with an Adult Child Impacted by FASD Mary Berube, an adoptive mother of two young men with FASD, provides insight into FASD beyond age 18 and how it affects the family and individual. YourAlberta

RESEARCH

Impairment of social behaviour persists two years after embryonic alcohol exposure in zebrafish: a model of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders We found the effects of embryonic alcohol exposure on social behaviour not to diminish with age, a result that demonstrates the deleterious and potentially life-long consequences of exposure to even small amount of alcohol during embryonic development in vertebrates. Behavioural Brain Research

A metacognitive strategy for reducing disruptive behavior in children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders: GoFAR pilot Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) are often characterized by disruptive behavior problems and there are few effective interventions available. GoFAR is a novel, 3-part intervention designed to improve self-regulation and adaptive living skills of children with FASD by improving metacognitive control of emotions and arousal. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research

Choline supplementation in children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial There are no specific biological treatments for FASDs, but rodent models have shown that prenatal or postnatal choline supplementation reduces cognitive and behavioral deficits. American Society for Nutrition

IN OTHER LANGUAGES

Kleines Gläschen mit großer Wirkung Die zum Teil schwerwiegenden Folgen von Alkoholkonsum während der Schwangerschaft sind nicht jedem bekannt. Fast jeder Fünfte denkt heute immer noch, dass ein Gläschen Bier oder Sekt in den neun Monaten vertretbar ist. Oberpfalznetz (Germany)

Warsztaty dla rodziców zastępczych Pierwsze warsztaty szkoleniowe wzmacniające i zwiększające wiedzę oraz kompetencje opiekuńczo-wychowawcze odbędą się środę 28 października w godz. 9.00-14.00. Ich tematem będzie „Dziecko z FAS/FASD - charakterystyka, możliwości pomocy”. Zajęcia poprowadzi Iwona Palicka. Kolejne warsztaty zaplanowano na wtorek, 3 listopada. Życie Jarocina (Poland)


Week 39, 2015

PRESS

Proposal may ease access to education services for FASD A proposed change to statewide regulations may ease the path toward special education services for Alaska students with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders by expanding the range of professionals who can diagnose the condition, according to medical and special education professionals. Alaska Dispatch News (USA)

One in 10 Pregnant Women Admit They Drink Sometimes One in 10 pregnant women in the U.S. admit to drinking alcohol at least every now and then, and a third of the drinkers admit to binge drinking, federal researchers said Thursday. NBCNews.com (USA)

Test kids before courts for fetal alcohol syndrome: magistrate A Perth Children’s Court magistrate says every child charged with a criminal offence should be promptly screened for fetal alco¬hol spectrum disorder. The Australian (Australia)

Public largely ignorant of damage alcohol can cause unborn babies, says report The public needs educating about the effects of alcohol on unborn children in an effort to stem the growing number of babies born with brain damage, says a new, groundbreaking provincial report. Ottawa Citizen (Canada)

Pregnant Women Are Frequent Binge Drinkers According to the findings of a new study, pregnant women are binge drinking more than those who are not in their pregnancies. This has medical professionals worried, as binge drinking could have harmful effects on pregnancy. It can even cause birth defects. Press Examiner (USA)

Test babies to check if pregnant mums had been drinking: doctor The extent to which babies are being harmed because their mothers are drinking alcohol during pregnancy needs to be publicly acknowledged, a specialist warned yesterday. Irish Independent (Ireland)

VIDEOS and MATERIALS

Nicholas Speaks About Living with FASD AlcoholFreePregnancy

Kelly and Patricia Morgan [Video 1] [Video 2] In these short videos, Kelly Morgan, an adult living with FASD and her adoptive mother, Patricia Morgan, discuss some of the challenges of living with FASD. AGLCdotCA

Dr. William Kennedy Smith - NOFAS Excellence Award This video is from the 2015 NOFAS International Gala at the Embassy of France in Washington, DC. AlcoholFreePregnancy

Research: Assessment of a Professional Development Program Would increasing teachers' understanding of FASD and then providing ongoing mentor support throughout a school year improve outcomes for students with FASD? POPFASD

Dan Dubovsky - Rewards and Consequences Dan Dubovsky speaks about why rewards and consequences may not work well for our students living with FASD. POPFASD

School Experiences Youth with FASD and a parent speak about their school experiences and what worked well. Their stories clearly support the importance of understanding the learner and providing appropriate accommodations. POPFASD

Child Youth and Family Caregivers The New Zealand Government wants more voluntary caregivers to help them look after children in state care. But is the Government doing enough to help caregivers now? maraetv

RESEARCH

Prevalence and characteristics of fetal alcohol syndrome and partial fetal alcohol syndrome in a Rocky Mountain Region City This active case ascertainment study in a Rocky Mountain Region City assessed the prevalence and traits of children with FAS and PFAS and linked them to maternal risk factors. Diagnoses made by expert clinical dysmorphologists in multidisciplinary case conferences utilized all components of the study: dysmorphology and physical growth, neurobehavior, and maternal risk interviews. NCBI

Improving recognition of children affected by prenatal alcohol exposure: detection of exposure in pediatric care Early identification of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs) is important for providing services and preventing secondary disabilities. Recent studies indicate that many FASDs are undiagnosed, partly because there is a need to improve detection of prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE). Current Developmental Disorders Reports

Neurobehavioral disorder associated with prenatal alcohol exposure (ND-PAE): review of evidence and guidelines for assessment The effects of prenatal alcohol use have been well documented. In this review, we discuss the inclusion of Neurobehavioral Disorder Associated with Prenatal Alcohol Exposure (ND-PAE) as a condition for further study in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-Fifth Edition (DSM-5). Current Developmental Disorders Reports

Advancing recognition of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders: the proposed DSM-5 diagnosis of 'Neurobehavioral Disorder associated with Prenatal Alcohol Exposure (ND-PAE)' Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) are a surprisingly common, yet under-identified set of lifelong neurodevelopmental disabilities with substantial economic and social costs—and high rates of debilitating secondary conditions. Current Developmental Disorders Reports

Fetal exposure to ethanol: relationship between ethyl glucuronide in maternal hair during pregnancy and ethyl glucuronide in neonatal meconium In recent years, fatty acid ethyl esters (FAEEs) and ethyl glucuronide (EtG) in meconium emerged as reliable, direct biological markers for establishing gestational ethanol exposure. We investigated whether EtG in maternal hair measured during the three trimesters of pregnancy correlated with EtG and FAEEs in neonatal meconium. Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine

Exposure of neonatal rats to alcohol has differential effects on neuroinflammation and neuronal survival in the cerebellum and hippocampus Fetal alcohol exposure is a leading cause of preventable birth defects, yet drinking during pregnancy remains prevalent worldwide. Studies suggest that activation of the neuroimmune system plays a role in the effects of alcohol exposure during the rodent equivalent to the third trimester of human pregnancy (i.e., first week of neonatal life), particularly by contributing to neuronal loss. Journal of Neuroinflammation

Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders: clinical phenotype among a high-risk group of children and adolescents in Korea Little is known about the prevalence and phenotype of fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) or spectrum disorders (FASD) in Korea. This study was performed to describe the distribution of alcohol-related physical features in a genetically homogeneous sample of children and adolescents in institutional settings in Korea. American Journal of Medical Genetics Part A

Overexpression of serum response factor in neurons restores ocular dominance plasticity in a model of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders Deficits in neuronal plasticity underlie many neurobehavioral and cognitive problems presented in fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD). Our laboratory has developed a ferret model showing that early alcohol exposure leads to a persistent disruption in ocular dominance plasticity (ODP). Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research

Educational needs and care of children with FASD The effects from prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) can cause a range of neurobehavioral deficits that impact learning and functioning in school. As a result, children affected by PAE have diverse learning needs and may experience problems in school. Current Developmental Disorders Reports

Maternal iron deficiency worsens the associative learning deficits and hippocampal and cerebellar losses in a rat model of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders Gestational alcohol exposure causes lifelong physical and neurocognitive deficits collectively referred to as fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs). Micronutrient deficiencies are common in pregnancies of alcohol-abusing women. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research

IN OTHER LANGUAGES

Ciąża bez alkoholu Gmina Miejska Kraków, Województwo Małopolskie i Państwowa Agencja Rozwiązywania Problemów Alkoholowych będą współpracować w zakresie upowszechniania wiedzy o negatywnych konsekwencjach spożywania napojów alkoholowych przez kobiety w ciąży. Miejska Platforma internetowa Magiczny Kraków (Poland)

Alkoholi vahingoittaa vuodessa jopa tuhansia sikiöitä – "Ainoa kehitysvammaisuutta aiheuttava syy, joka olisi täysin ehkäistävissä" Suomessa syntyy vuosittain arviolta 600–3000 lasta, joille äidin raskaudenaikainen alkoholinkäyttö on aiheuttanut eriasteisia vaurioita. He voivat tarvita eriasteista tukea päivähoidosta työelämään saakka. Vaikeinta aikaa on kehitysvammaliiton FASD-koordinaattorin mukaan nuori aikuisuus, jolloin oireet viimeistään tulevat esiin. YLE (Finland)

Schwangerschaft: In anderen Umtrünken Wenn Anziehen und Zähneputzen zum unüberwindlichen Hindernis werden: Bundesweit kommen pro Jahr 10.000 Kinder mit fetalen Alkoholspektrum-Störungen (FASD) auf die Welt. Bei mehr als 2.000 diagnostizieren Pädiater ein voll ausgeprägtes fetales Alkoholsyndrom (FAS). DocCheck News (Germany)


Week 37, 2015

PRESS

Fetal alcohol disorders shows no economic boundaries The financial demand of taking care of children and adults with a fetal alcohol spectrum disorder is steep, but there is much more to the problem, an expert said. Sioux Falls Argus Leader

FASD: The often invisible brain injury suffered by kids whose mothers drank while pregnant Before Isaiah Boylan emerged from his mother’s womb he was damaged for life. His mother drank a lot and didn’t think or know what the alcohol might do to the developing brain of the baby she was carrying. Ottawa Citizen (Canada)

Stigma against fetal alcohol spectrum disorder Stigma against fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD), a leading cause of developmental delay in North America, can lead to prejudice and discrimination or impact self-esteem for individuals with FASD and their families. A recent study by IRCM neuroethics experts, published in the journal Public Health Ethics, suggests that public health practices or policies may inadvertently increase the stigma experienced by those affected by FASD. Medical Xpress

Awareness Day sheds light on FASD About 100 people came out to Muskoseepi Park Wednesday to help spread the message of awareness and prevention of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD). Alberta Daily Herald Tribune (Canada)

Women help guide FASD clients in judicial system Hudson isn’t your average hound. While he’s fluffy, playful and slobbery, he also provides a valuable service for those affected by fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) while going through the judicial system. Lethbridge Herald

Alcohol harms unborn babies, health experts warn Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder is completely preventable - just don't consume alcohol while pregnant. That's the message health providers wanted to get across this month. Stuff.co.nz (New Zealand)

Less booze, more healthy babies: AMA CHANGING our drinking culture could improve the lives of thousands of babies, the Australian Medical Association says. Mackay Daily Mercury (Australia)

Drink Think alcohol during pregnancy awareness day Derry based alcohol awareness project Drink Think will be supporting the EUFASD Alliance again this year, in their ‘Too Young To Drink’ alcohol during pregnancy campaign, with an event taking place tomorrow in the city. Derry Journal

Foetal alcohol syndrome behind surge in disabled students Babies left brain-damaged by their mothers’ heavy drinking during pregnancy are behind a growing number of disabled school students, a Senate inquiry has heard. The Australian (Australia)

VIDEOS and MATERIALS

NOFAS Webinar: When Someone with an FASD is Arrested: What You Need to Know Though not everyone with an FASD gets in trouble with the law, research shows that these incidents occur far too frequently. This webinar will discuss research on how commonly troubles with the law occurs for people with FASD, and how many of the cognitive difficulties that occur in FASD can lead to problems when interacting with police, attorneys, and judges. Alcohol-Free Pregnancy

Mothers of Foetal Alcohol Syndrome babies are often forced to drink by abusive partners News24

Awareness Day 9.9. is International FASD Awareness Day. Each year thousands of children are born with life-long disabilities because they were exposed to alcohol prenatally. FAScinujúce deti

IN OTHER LANGUAGES

Wie Schwangere ihr Kind lebenslang schädigen Mütter, die in der Schwangerschaft Alkohol trinken, können ihrem Kind schwerste körperliche und geistige Behinderungen zufügen. Der Fall einer jungen Frau zeigt, wie Betroffene darunter leiden. DIE WELT (Germany)

Salute: la “FASD” la più grave disabilità del feto “La sindrome feto-alcolica (FetalAlcohol Syndrome-FAS) e’ la piu’ grave disabilita’ permanente che si manifesta nel feto, durante la vita intrauterina, a causa dell’esposizione all’alcol consumato dalla madre durante la gravidanza”. Meteo Web (Italy)

Neurologe Spohr erhält Auszeichnung Für seine Arbeit erhielt der 75-jährige Arzt aus Berlin das Verdienstkreuz am Bande. Anfang der 1970er Jahre stieß er als Kinderneurologe an der Kinderklinik im Westend auf das Thema Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder, kurz FASD: "Ich hatte immer wieder damit zu tun, es ist zu meiner Passion geworden." Ärzte Zeitung (Germany)

W Krakowie rusza kampania na temat szkodliwości picia alkoholu w ciąży Każdego roku w Polsce nie mniej niż 20 dzieci na 1 tys., które przychodzą na świat ma Spektrum Płodowych Zaburzeń Alkoholowych - wynika z danych Państwowej Agencji Rozwiązywania Problemów Alkoholowych. W Krakowie rusza kampania społeczna na temat szkodliwości picia alkoholu w ciąży. Gazeta Wyborcza (Poland)

Suomessa syntyy jopa 3 000 alkoholinkäytön vaurioittamaa lasta vuodessa 9. syyskuuta vietetään jälleen kansainvälistä FASD-päivää, jolloin muistutetaan maailmanlaajuisesti alkoholin vaaroista raskausaikana. Verkko-Karjainen (Finland)

S kampanjo do nič alkohola med nosečnostjo Letošnji mednarodni dan osveščanja o fetalnem alkoholnem sindromu (FAS) je namenjena predvsem mladim oziroma bodočim staršem o tveganjih zaradi pitja alkohola v nosečnosti. S kampanjo Za najboljši začetek - ne pijem za dva strokovnjaki opozarjajo, da je vsakršno pitje alkohola med nosečnostjo in dojenjem nevarno za otroka. Demokracija (Slovenia)

Nio nyktra månader firades På onsdag, den 9 september, ordnades den internationella FASD-dagen för att påminna om nykterhet under graviditeten. Svenska YLE (Sweden)

Consumir alcohol en el embarazo daña irreversiblemente al bebé Beber alcohol durante el embarazo puede causar daño cerebral, lo que lleva a una serie de problemas de desarrollo, cognitivos y conductuales que pueden aparecer en cualquier momento durante la infancia y que se muestran gravemente en el bebé. Sin embargo, Francisco Pascual, vicepresidente de la sociedad científica SOCIDROGALCOHOL, ha señalado que “una investigación publicada recientemente en la revista Adicciones ha puesto de manifiesto que aún existen elevados porcentajes de consumo de alcohol por las gestantes”, aun cuando la recomendación es consumo cero. IM Médico Hospitalario (Spain)


Week 35, 2015

PRESS

FASD Awareness Day on Wednesday This Wednesday is Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) Awareness Day, created to increase our recognition of the risks associated with drinking alcohol during pregnancy. There is no known type, or amount, of alcohol that is safe to drink at any time during pregnancy. Just one drink of alcohol during pregnancy places the baby at risk of FASD. Voxy (New Zealand)

Educate to prevent: Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder month’s goal Prevention and education is the goal of local events taking place for Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder awareness month. Medicine Hat News

Born drunk: Cape teen defies the evils of alcoholism A mother opens up about how she watched her adoptive daughter shake violently and scream as she went through withdrawal after being born with foetal alcohol syndrome. Health24 (South Africa)

Warnings over condition linked to drinking while pregnant MATERNITY staff at The James Cook University Hospital are holding a market place event to highlight the dangers of drinking during pregnancy. The Northern Echo (UK)

Pregnant mums still drinking About 20 per cent of women continue to drink alcohol after finding out they are pregnant - with some reporting having four or more drinks a week. New Zealand Herald (New Zealand)

Cape expanding use of baby simulators Following a successful pilot project earlier this year, the City of Cape Town is expanding the use of baby simulators as part of its substance abuse prevention programme. IOL News (South Africa)

Four faces of FASD: an update In 2012 four brave individuals living with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) shared their stories with the Sunshine Coast by providing interviews to Coast TV so that a documentary could be produced. Coast Reporter

I drank 8 pints a day while I was pregnant LINDA McFadden’s alcohol abuse left her daughter suffering from Foetal Alcohol Syndrome and now she's 14 years sober, she wants to rebuild her family. The Sun (UK)

UPCOMING

Caregiving, FASD and Alcohol – Caring about FASD Prevention Click here to register for the webinar on September 9th, 2015 from 11:00 Am to 12:30PM ET. CAPHC

VIDEOS and MATERIALS

What is the FASD Training Package for Post-Secondary Instructors? This resource was created for post-secondary instructors and professors to use. The focus is on understanding and preventing FASD. PreventionInstitute

Parenting Children with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder Strongest Families FASD - Research Helping Families If you have a child (age 4-12) who has been diagnosed with a Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder you may be able to take part in a study for a parenting program designed to help you deal with your child's challenging behaviours. To find out more please continue. PLEASE NOTE: You must live in Canada to take part in this study. MyStudies

RESEARCH

Third trimester-equivalent ethanol exposure increases anxiety-like behavior and glutamatergic transmission in the basolateral amygdala Ethanol consumption during pregnancy produces a wide range of morphological and behavioral alterations known as fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD). Among the behavioral deficits associated with FASD is an increased probability of developing anxiety disorders. Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior

Alcohol exposure in utero perturbs retinoid homeostasis in adult rats Maternal alcohol exposure and adult alcohol intake have been shown to perturb the metabolism of various micro- and macro-nutrients, including vitamin A and its derivatives (retinoids). HepatoBiliary Surgery and Nutrition

Cohort profile: the EDEN mother-child cohort on the prenatal and early postnatal determinants of child health and development Barker’s hypothesis suggests that health in adulthood can be influenced by events occurring during the developmental period.1 Studies from various parts of the world have shown associations between low birthweight with adult pathological conditions such as hypertension, insulin-resistance, type 2 diabetes and osteoporosis. International Journal of Epidemiology

Impaired ILK function is associated with deficits in hippocampal based memory and synaptic plasticity in a FASD rat model Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) is an umbrella term that encompasses a wide range of anatomical and behavioral problems in children who are exposed to alcohol during the prenatal period. There is no effective treatment for FASD, because of lack of complete characterization of the cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying this condition. PLoS One

Relational care for perinatal substance use: a systematic review The purpose of this systematic review of the literature is to highlight published studies of perinatal substance use disorder that address relational aspects of various care delivery models to identify opportunities for future studies in this area. MCN: the American Journal of Maternal-Child Nursing

IN OTHER LANGUAGES

Suchtgefährdete Erwachsene mit Fetalen Alkoholspektrumstörungen Fast jeder zweite Erwachsene mit einer Fetalen Alkoholspektrumstörung (FASD) entwickelt zusätzlich zur bestehenden Beeinträchtigung eine Suchtstörung. (Germany)

FAS (Fetalt alkoholsyndrom) kostar samhället 14,4 miljarder Kvinnor som dricker alkohol under graviditeten riskerar att få barn med FAS (Fetalt alkoholsyndrom). Barn med FAS får ofta problem med skolan, och får senare i livet en nedsatt arbetsförmåga. De drabbas oftare än andra av psykiska sjukdomar, hamnar lätt i missbruk och har svårt att klara sig själva i det dagliga livet. I Sverige uppskattas att 0,2 procent av befolkningen har FAS och år 2014 kostade FAS samhället 14,4 miljarder. (Sweden)

Foetaal Alcohol Spectrum Stoornis - een overzicht van de huidige situatie De ontwikkeling van het ongeboren kind kan ernstig in gevaar worden gebracht door alcoholgebruik tijdens de zwangerschap. Deze prenatale blootstelling aan alcohol kan leiden tot levenslange lichamelijke afwijkingen, gedragsstoornissen en cognitieve beperkingen. (Netherlands)

Nie pij za jego zdrowie "Nie piję za jego zdrowie" - hasło reklamowe jednej z kampanii, promującej kilka lat temu abstynencję w czasie ciąży. Kampania dawno się skończyła, jednak jej przesłanie nadal jest aktualne. Niestety wiele matek nie zwróciło uwagi na wielkie bilbordy krzyczące na ulicach polskich miast. Deon.pl (Poland)


Week 33, 2015

PRESS

Help women prevent FASD, says ACDP There was a huge need to prioritise helping women to understand and prevent Foetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD), the African Christian Democratic Party (ACDP) said on Tuesday. Independent Online (South Africa)

Mobile community justice centre proposed to help address FASD in Kimberley, WA A mobile community justice centre has been proposed as an urgently needed circuit breaker to help address Foetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder related problems in the Kimberley. ABC Online (Australia)

Alcohol and pregnancy: mixed messages undermining abstinence advice The complexities for public health messaging around women drinking during pregnancy have been highlighted by new research undertaken at the University of Canberra’s News and Media Research Centre. Crikey (Australia)

WA's first foetal alcohol clinic funded Children born with foetal alcohol spectrum disorders are more likely to end up on the wrong side of the law, according to the West Australian government. Daily Mail (Australia)

Plea for more foetal alcohol syndrome support A South Island couple who foster two daughters with possible foetal alcohol syndrome disorder (FASD) fear one of them could end up in court because they do not get adequate support. Radio New Zealand (New Zealand)

UPCOMING

Vorankündigung der FASD Fachtagung 2015 FASD Deutschland

VIDEOS and MATERIALS

Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder and Employment – Supporting Adults with FASD on the Job This webinar focuses on issues associated with employment for people living with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD), which is an invisible, neurodevelopmental disability caused by prenatal alcohol exposure. CfEEBC

fetal alcohol spectrum disorder Susan Carlson discusses the damage from alcohol appears greater than damage from cocaine on pre born babies. C-SPAN

Doug Shelton: FASD the hidden pandemic Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) is a common but under recognised diagnosis in our community that contributes to a multitude of poor long term outcomes including adverse mental health, drug and alcohol abuse, crime and gaol. LivesLivedWell

The Final Score: Winning Against FAS The Final Score: Winning Against FAS is about the prevention of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome suitable for viewing by individuals 11 years to adult. RurALCAP

RESEARCH

Atypical cortical gyrification in adolescents with histories of heavy prenatal alcohol exposure Prenatal alcohol exposure can adversely affect brain development, although little is known about the effects of prenatal alcohol exposure on gyrification. Gyrification reflects cortical folding complexity and is a process by which the surface of the brain creates sulci and gyri. Brain Research

The use of open- and closed-loop control during goal-directed force responses by children with heavy prenatal alcohol exposure The results indicate that alcohol-exposed children experience deficits in completing goal-directed force responses that likely stem from an alcohol-related insult to the central nervous system. Therapeutic exercises should be designed to recalibrate internal timing systems and improve visuomotor integration. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research

Prenatal alcohol exposure, adaptive function, and entry into adult roles in a prospective study of young adults Although many studies have demonstrated effects of prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) on physical, cognitive, and behavioral development in children, few have focused on the long term effects on adults. Neurotoxicology and Teratology

High postnatal susceptibility of hippocampal cytoskeleton in response to ethanol exposure during pregnancy and lactation Ethanol exposure to offspring during pregnancy and lactation leads to developmental disorders, including central nervous system dysfunction. In the present work, we have studied the effect of chronic ethanol exposure during pregnancy and lactation on the phosphorylating system associated with the astrocytic and neuronal intermediate filament (IF) proteins: glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), and neurofilament (NF) subunits of low, medium, and high molecular weight (NFL, NFM, and NFH, respectively) in 9- and 21-day-old pups. Alcohol

Persistent interneuronopathy in the prefrontal cortex of young adult offspring exposed to ethanol in utero Gestational exposure to ethanol has been reported to alter the disposition of tangentially migrating GABAergic cortical interneurons, but much remains to be elucidated. Here we first established the migration of interneurons as a proximal target of ethanol by limiting ethanol exposure in utero to the gestational window when tangential migration is at its height. Journal of Neuroscience

IN OTHER LANGUAGES

"Nicht alle Kinderärzte achten auf die Zeichen von FASD" Schätzungen zufolge werden in Deutschland 8.000 bis 10.000 Kinder mit einer Fetalen Alkoholspektrumstörung (FASD) geboren. Damit ist FASD die häufigste angeborene Behinderung in diesem Land. Deutsches Ärzteblatt (Germany)

Witając świat na rauszu Historie kobiet, które bez skrupułów sięgają po kieliszek w zaawansowanej ciąży, wywołują powszechne oburzenie. Jednak to, co dla nas jest szokującą informacją znikającą wśród innych dramatycznych wydarzeń, dla dziecka urodzonego przez pijaną matkę pozostaje życiowym piętnem. Dosłownie. dzieci.pl (Poland)

Fetale Alkoholspektrum-Störungen: Besonderheiten einer Behinderung Auch Psychologische Psychotherapeuten und Kinder- und Jugendlichenpsychotherapeuten sollten sich mit der Diagnostik von Fetalen Alkoholspektrum-Störungen befassen. Wird die Störung übersehen, können Behandlungsfehler entstehen. Deutsches Ärzteblatt (Germany)

Alkohol in der Schwangerschaft: Fetales Alkoholsyndrom unterschätzt "Drastisch unterschätzt" wird das Ausmaß schwerer Schädigungen von Kindern durch den Alkoholkonsum von Frauen während der Schwangerschaft. Das berichteten Sachverständige im Gesundheitsausschuss des Bundestages Mitte Februar. Deutsches Ärzteblatt (Germany)


Week 31, 2015

PRESS

On Love, Adoption and Raising 3 Kids With FASD Not many people wish to raise a child with a fetal alcohol spectrum disorder, or FASD. Diane Lohrey is no different. But when she and her husband adopted three children, all later diagnosed with an FASD, they accepted the hardships and the rewards. Alaska Public Radio Network

Government of Canada Announces Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder Funding in Yukon Today, the Honourable Rona Ambrose, Minister of Health and Yukon Minister of Health and Social Services Mike Nixon, announced an investment to strengthen training and support for Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) in Yukon. This investment will increase community awareness, focus on prevention and fund training for front-line staff. SYS-CON Media (Canada)

New report looks at the health of homeless and street-involved youth across BC McCreary Centre Society has today published the results of a survey looking at the health of 12 to 19 year olds who are homeless, precariously housed, or involved in a street lifestyle. Kelowna Capital News

Drinking At Conception May Be Just As Bad As Drinking While Pregnant Many mothers-to-be are aware of the damage drinking can do to their baby. Because of this, most women take a break from alcohol while pregnant instead of putting their child at risk of developing fetal alcohol syndrome, a condition that often results in long-term brain damage and developmental issues. But can alcohol cause damaging effects at the moment of conception? Medical Daily

Pregnant aboriginal women find 'world of difference' in Edmonton inner-city program It's not often a job description includes monitoring fetal heart rates and taking blood samples in the back of a car or in the bathroom of a fast food joint. CBC News (Canada)

MATERIALS and VIDEOS

SUCCESS STORIES The success stories that you will read about on these next few pages are from Caregivers and families all over the world who share many of the same challenges and battles, but they also share all the amazing little A-Ha! moments and celebrations, but mostly importantly, these stories are from families just like yours. FASD Forever

Pathways to Justice™: Get the Facts Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASDs) are a spectrum of conditions that can occur to a fetus when a mother drinks alcohol while she is pregnant. The Arc

Alcohol, Pregnancy and FASD Drinking alcohol during pregnancy can result in Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) which can cause lifelong disabilities for a person. The damage to the brain can result in developmental delays; problems with learning, behaviour, memory, language and communication skills; and everyday living and socialising skills. Telethon Kids Institute

Pregnant Woman Drinking Alcohol | What Would You Do? What would you do if a pregnant mom is thirsty for some booze?

RESEARCH

Smoking and alcohol drinking during pregnancy as the risk factors for poor child neurodevelopment - a review of epidemiological studies Maternal active and passive smoking and low or moderate alcohol drinking during pregnancy, taking into account the level of exposure and developmental or behavioral outcomes, are recognized as a significant issue from both a clinical and a public health perspective. International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health

Parietal dysfunction during number processing in children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders Number processing deficits are frequently seen in children prenatally exposed to alcohol. Although the parietal lobe, which is known to mediate several key aspects of number processing, has been shown to be structurally impaired in fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD), effects on functional activity in this region during number processing have not previously been investigated. Neuroimage: Clinical

Prenatal alcohol exposure and the developing immune system Evidence from research in humans and animals suggest that ingesting alcohol during pregnancy can disrupt the fetal immune system and result in an increased risk of infections and disease in newborns that may persist throughout life. Alcohol Research: Current Reviews

Neurobehavioral disorder associated with prenatal alcohol exposure (ND-PAE): proposed DSM-5 diagnosis Over the past 40 years, a significant body of animal and human research has documented the teratogenic effects of prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE). Neurobehavioral Disorder associated with PAE is proposed as a new clarifying term, intended to encompass the neurodevelopmental and mental health symptoms associated with PAE. Child Psychiatry and Human Development

Prenatal ethanol exposure induces the osteoarthritis-like phenotype in female adult offspring rats with a post-weaning high-fat diet and its intrauterine programming mechanisms of cholesterol metabolism Osteoarthritis (OA) development is associated with hypercholesterolemia in adults. Our previous study demonstrated that offspring with intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) due to prenatal ethanol exposure (PEE) had a high risk of developing hypercholesterolemia and metabolic syndrome when fed a post-weaning high-fat diet (HFD). Toxicology Letters

Prenatal maternal substance use and offspring outcomes: overview of recent findings and possible interventions Evidence from both human and preclinical studies seems to indicate that maternal smoking, alcohol drinking, or other drug use during pregnancy can affect offspring outcomes. European Psychologist

IN OTHER LANGUAGES

Warum bin ich so anders? Auf die Versorgung von Menschen, die im Mutterleib durch Alkohol geschädigt wurden, sind Medizin und Gesellschaft hierzulande nicht vorbereitet. Dabei sind Zehntausende davon betroffen. Über ein Leben, das nicht ins Schema passen will. FAZ - Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung (Germany)

Mitleid verwandelt sich schon bald in Anerkennung Judo hat für Anna alles verändert. Die Achtjährige, die mit dem Fetalen Alkoholsyndrom geboren wurde, feiert nicht nur sportliche, sondern auch Entwicklungserfolge. Freie Presse (Germany)

Per combattere l'alcolismo occorre aumentare le accise. La ricetta dell'Ocse Il consumo medio annuo nei Paesi dell'Ocse equivale a 9,1 litri di alcol puro pro capite ed è diminuito del 2,5% negli ultimi 20 anni. A rischio danni da alcol non solo i maschi meno agiati ma anche ledonne più istruite e con uno status socioeconomico più elevato. Teatro Naturale (Italy)

Ma ei teadnud, et olen rase ja jõin alkoholi — mis nüüd juhtub? On ju teada, et alkohol raseduse ajal mõjutab sinu loote arengut, isegi see klaasike veini või kerge suvine kokteil. Järgnevalt seletame lahti, mis täpsemalt lootega juhtub kui sa alkoholi jood. Delfi (Estonia)


Week 29, 2015

PRESS

Women admit drinking while pregnant Despite this, a study published by respected British site BMJ Open last week found up to 80 per cent of New Zealand women have admitted drinking at some stage of their pregnancy. New Zealand Herald (New Zealand)

Cottage Grove teen lobbies for those with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder Recent high school graduate Gary Riege is a science and math whiz. He’s also a Star Wars fanatic, avid computer science techie and Advanced Placement student. South Washington County Bulletin (USA)

Northern Cape Ravaged By Substance Abuse The Portfolio Committee has started its oversight visit to the Northern Cape with a meeting with the MEC for Social Development, Mr Mxolisi Sokatsha, who revealed the province is ravaged by foetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD). AllAfrica.com (South Africa)

Alcohol and pregnancy Your editorial (July 8th) highlighted the significant public health concerns posed by drinking during pregnancy, pointing out that more than 45 per cent of Irish women engaging in binge-drinking during the first trimester. Irish Times (Ireland)

Drinking During Pregnancy Can Now Be Detected In A Baby’s First Poop. (Seriously.) As it turns out, there’s a whole lot more to baby poop than meets the eye. (Just hear me out for a second.) A recent study by Case Western Reserve University found that testing a baby’s first poop can reveal if their mother drank during her pregnancy — which is pretty huge. Bustle

Dr. Carl Bell Says Fetal Alcohol Syndrome ‘Biggest Public Health Problem For African-Americans Since Slavery’ Dr. Carl Bell, a retired professor of psychiatry and public health at the University of Illinois at Chicago, currently a staff psychiatrist at Jackson Park Hospital, calls Fetal Alcohol Syndrome the “biggest public health problem for African-Americans since slavery.” Dr. Bell has treated patients for over 40 years. The Inquisitr (USA)

Why drinking alcohol while pregnant is like playing Russian roulette DR GINNI Mansberg, a well-known Australian GP, has some sobering words for pregnant women who enjoy the occasional glass of wine. (Australia)

FASD Is Completely Avoidable, So Why Are So Many Children Born With It? “I thought it was good for him” stated Sam, mother to 11 year-year-old Stanley who suffers from FASD as a result of his mother drinking while pregnant. Infinity House (UK)

VIDEOS and MATERIAL

NOFAS Webinar: The Role of the Social Worker in Preventing, Identifying and Treating FASD This webinar will examine the role of the social worker in the prevention, identification and treatment of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders. Alcohol-Free Pregnancy

INTERNATIONAL FASD AWARENESS DAY - SEPTEMBER 9, 2015 September 9 is celebrated annually as International FASD Awareness Day to promote education and awareness efforts on FASD. FASDs are completely preventable by abstaining from alcohol while pregnant. Despite myths, there is no scientific evidence available that sets a “safe” amount of alcohol that will not affect the developing fetus.

MiniDoc: Justice For FASD Being an adolescent male can be hard. But add to that an invisible disability affecting how you learn, how you think and how you behave… it can soon become a nightmare. AttitudeLive

Ignore FASD at your peril Christine Rogan – Health Promotion Advisor, Alcohol Healthwatch - comments on the implications of the Privy Council decision on Teina Pora’s appeal. Alcohol Healthwatch (New Zealand)

How can we improve diagnosis – and quality of life – for people with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder? For Dr. James Davie of the Children's Hospital Research Institute of Manitoba, each human cell is like a compact disc full of music that never changes, and the field of epigenetics is the CD player that decides which song gets played. Canadian Institutes of Health Research

COMING UP

The 7th National Biennial Conference on Adolescents and Adults with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) Contribute your knowledge and research! The Call for Abstracts is open until September 11, 2015.

FASworld-Jahrestagung am 25./26. September 2015: FASD – eine Herausforderung Alkoholkonsum in der Schwangerschaft ist die häufigste Ursache für nicht genetisch bedingte kindliche Fehlbildungen. In Deutschland werden jährlich ca. 4.000 bis 10.000 Kinder mit einer fetalen Alkoholspektrumstörung (FASD) geboren.

RESEARCH

Prenatal alcohol exposure and congenital heart defects: a meta-analysis There are still inconsistent conclusions about the association of prenatal alcohol drinking with congenital heart defects (CHDs). We conducted this meta-analysis to investigate the association between prenatal alcohol exposure and the risk of overall CHDs and the CHDs subtypes. PLoS One

Prenatal alcohol exposure alters methyl metabolism and programs serotonin transporter and glucocorticoid receptor expression in brain Prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) programs the fetal hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, resulting in HPA dysregulation and hyperresponsiveness to stressors in adulthood. Molecular mechanisms mediating these alterations are not fully understood. American Journal of Physiology: Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology

Associative DNA methylation changes in children with prenatal alcohol exposure Prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) can cause fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD). Previously, we assessed PAE in brain tissue from mouse models, however whether these changes are present in humans remains unknown. Epigenomics

Low and moderate prenatal ethanol exposure of mice during gastrulation or neurulation delays neurobehavioral development Importantly, we showed that brief exposure to low dose ethanol, if administered during vulnerable periods of neuroanatomical development, results in significant neurobehavioral delays in neonatal mice. We thus expand concerns about alcohol consumption during the 3rd and 4th weeks of human pregnancy to include occasional light to moderate drinking. Neurotoxicology and Teratology

Dose and timing of prenatal alcohol exposure and maternal nutritional supplements: developmental effects on 6-month-old infants Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders are more common in disadvantaged populations. Environmental factors, like suboptimal nutrition, may potentiate the developmental effects of prenatal alcohol exposure. Maternal and Child Health Journal

Prenatal ethanol exposure-induced adrenal developmental abnormality of male offspring rats and its possible intrauterine programming mechanisms Fetal adrenal developmental status is the major determinant of fetal tissue maturation and offspring growth. We have previously proposed that prenatal ethanol exposure (PEE) suppresses fetal adrenal corticosterone (CORT) synthesis. Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology

A review of the history of attitudes toward drinking in pregnancy It is now well accepted in pediatrics and obstetrics that prenatal alcohol is a teratogenic agent and the primary causative factor underlying fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs), although for the majority of the 20th century that knowledge was either unknown or ignored. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research

Advances in diagnosis and treatment of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders: from animal models to human studies Prenatal alcohol exposure can cause a number of physical, behavioral, cognitive, and neural impairments, collectively known as fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD). This article examines basic research that has been or could be translated into practical applications for the diagnosis or treatment of FASD. Alcohol Research: Current Reviews

Utilization of magnetic resonance imaging in research involving animal models of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders It is well recognized that fetal alcohol exposure can profoundly damage the developing brain. The term fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) describes the range of deficits that result from prenatal alcohol exposure. Alcohol Research: Current Reviews

Angiogenesis is repressed by ethanol exposure during chick embryonic development It is now known that excess alcohol consumption during pregnancy can cause fetal alcohol syndrome to develop. However, it is not known whether excess ethanol exposure could directly affect angiogenesis in the embryo or angiogenesis being indirectly affected because of ethanol-induced fetal alcohol syndrome. Journal of Applied Toxicology

IN OTHER LANGUAGES

Tutto quell’alcol in gravidanza Bere in gravidanza è un fenomeno molto diffuso, ma sempre più studi confermano i rischi anche sulle quantità di alcol moderate. Perché il messaggio non arriva alle mamme? AgoraVox Italia (Italy)


Week 27, 2015

PRESS

Study: 20% to 80% Women Drink During Their Pregnancies There’s no real formula for fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) – no one knows how many drinks it takes, or why it is that some women who drink more end up having perfectly healthy babies and those that drink less sometimes end up having babies with FAS. Growing Your Baby

Why it’s good for pregnant women to skip that drink Alcohol consumption during pregnancy has always been a topic of debate. No one knows how much is too much as there are no defined guidelines for it. TheHealthSite

'Drinking to die' in Aboriginal communities, says Sharman Stone A minimum floor price on alcohol and a tax on liquor by volume should be urgently pursued to -address the problem of harmful drinking in Aboriginal communities, a national inquiry has found. The Australian

Desperate parents of special needs children are paying for teacher aides Desperate parents with special needs children have resorted to paying their own teacher aides, as government resources fail to keep up with increasing disability demand. New Zealand Herald

Foetal alcohol syndrome should be recognised as disability, says report on Indigenous alcohol use Standing committee report says Indigenous children fall through cracks of education system and later land in prison as FASD is misdiagnosed or not treated. The Guardian (Australia)

Researchers find startling trend among pregnant teen drinkers The finding is the result of a recent study, possibly the largest of its kind according to Dr. Christopher Salas-Wright, an assistant professor in the School of Social Work at the University of Texas at Austin. KXAN.com (USA)

Women aren’t following advice to stop drinking when pregnant Around 40% of Australian women drink alcohol while pregnant, despite medical guidelines recommending they don’t. The Conversation AU

Alcohol in pregnancy The effects of drinking while pregnant (Editorial, July 8th) are not always evident at birth, so, sadly, challenges caused by prenatal alcohol exposure which manifest later on are not always linked back to ante-natal experience. Irish Times

Chicago doctor: 'Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder' linked to violence Could some of the gunmen causing so much bloodshed in Chicago be victims themselves? More specifically, victims of brain damage suffered before they were born? Fox10News

VIDEOS

FASD DOCUMENTARY – CALL ME MENTAL This short documentary on FASD features several people associated with MOFAS, the Minnesota Organization on Fetal Alcohol Syndrome. The video was created as part of a collaboration called Call Me Mental, which is composed of artists and clinicians who want to change the attitude toward mental illness.

RESEARCH

Alcohol use, smoking and their co-occurrence during pregnancy among Canadian women, 2003 to 2011/12. It is apparent that smoking in any capacity, whether during pregnancy or not, increases the likelihood that a woman consumed alcohol while pregnant. Ascertaining smoking status among pregnant women and women of childbearing age could be a useful screening method for identifying those at-risk of consuming alcohol during pregnancy, and vice versa. NCBI

Unintended pregnancies and exposure to potential human teratogens We aimed to investigate the risk factors associated with unintended pregnancies as well as the association between unintended pregnancies and potential teratogenic exposures. Birth Defects Research Part A: Clinical and Molecular Teratology

Maternal periconceptional alcohol consumption and congenital heart defects Congenital heart defects (CHDs) are the leading cause of infant death from birth defects. Animal studies suggest in utero alcohol exposure is a teratogen for cardiogenesis; however, results from epidemiologic studies are mixed. Birth Defects Research Part A: Clinical and Molecular Teratology

Screening of fetal alcohol syndrome using the T-ACE questionnaire in semi-rural areas around Lubumbashi: lessons learned African women consumption of alcohol is influenced by a number of beliefs and sociocultural considerations. In Lubumbashi in the D.R.Congo for example, the belief that alcohol reduces sympathetic signs of pregnancy during the first trimester is very common; this belief however exposes unborn children to ethanol toxicity at a very early stage of the pregnancy. Pan African Medical Journal

The knowledge of rehabilitation professionals concerning fetal alcohol spectrum disorders The purpose of this study was to explore rehabilitation professionals’ knowledge regarding signs and symptoms, prevention, and intervention of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD). Occupational Therapy in Health Care

Virtual sensorimotor balance training for children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders: feasibility study Diminished sensory adaptation has been associated with poor balance control for children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD). We developed a virtual reality system, Sensorimotor Training to Affect Balance, Engagement and Learning (STABEL), to train sensory control for balance. Physical Therapy

IN OTHER LANGUAGES

Süchtige Mamas legen Kindern schwere Bürde in die Wiege Grit Wagner leidet, weil ihre leibliche Mutter auch in der Schwangerschaft unentwegt getrunken hat. Experten kennen das als fetales Alkoholsyndrom. Freie Presse (Germany)


Week 25, 2015

PRESS

Rwanda: Alcohol During Pregnancy Is a Recipe for Disaster, Experts Say Experts say alcohol has adverse effects on pregnant women and has also got the potential to prevent women from getting pregnant. AllAfrica.com

Exclusive: An Interview With Author Linda Rosenbaum If you’re looking for the next great read, then look no further. Linda Rosenbaum’s new book Not Exactly As Planned is full of heartbreak and triumph as she navigates the rocky road of adoption and raising a son with fetal alcohol syndrome. This critically acclaimed book talks about her son Michael, who was born with fetal alcohol syndrome, and his battle with alcohol abuse long before he’s old enough to take a sip. Shalom Life

The unforgiving days of too much wine and never enough roses A cruel, unrelenting cycle of poverty, drinking and fetal alcohol syndrome robs families of all hope. Mail & Guardian Online (South Africa)

Parents of 14-year-old with mental health issues see shortfalls in system The parents of a 14-year-old who was initially denied mental health treatment at the IWK Health Centre said they see shortfalls in the province’s mental health system and are calling for improvements. Globalnews.ca (Canada)

Ms. G, Winnipeg woman in 90s fetus rights case, watches son graduate A recovered glue-sniffing addict whose pregnancy made headlines in the 90s watched her teenage son graduate from high school in Winnipeg on Friday. CBC.ca (Canada)

Researchers discuss FASD and criminal justice system Although many people living with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) are not violent, that segment of the population still has a high incidence of involvement with the criminal justice system. Saskatoon StarPhoenix (Canada)

Couple frustrated by lack of FASD disclosure in adoption aren't alone, Calgary woman says A Calgary woman says she also had problems getting vital health information from Alberta's adoption services about fetal alcohol spectrum disorder. CBC.ca (Canada)

David Swann says better screening for FASD needed before adoption Liberal leader David Swann says adoptive parents need to have all possible information about any medical conditions the children may have prior to adoption, including fetal alcohol spectrum disorder. CBC.ca (Canada)

'Drinking during pregnancy can cause the child to become a criminal' - Expert says He further said criminality was one of the possible outcomes of exposure to alcohol before birth, adding that brain damage, learning disability and poor behaviour affected up to one in every 100 infants. Pulse Nigeria (Nigeria)

Drinking in pregnancy 'significant' cause of childhood brain damage One of the UK's leading experts in child health is calling for stronger warnings on alcohol to alert women to the dangers of drinking while pregnant. BBC News

Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders are more common than thought, say researchers at congressional briefing Many women aren't fully aware of the risks associated with drinking while pregnant, and the public needs more information on the symptoms and severity of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD), according to experts who spoke at a congressional briefing. American Psychological Association (USA)

UPCOMING

Research on Adolescents and Adults: If Not Now, When? April 6 to April 9, 2016 Although there have been thousands of published articles in FASD in general, there has been limited research specifically on adolescents and adults with FASD or on individuals across the lifespan.

VIDEOS and MATERIALS

What’s New in FASD Research The presenters discuss emerging research in FASD and how this research can impact practice. YourAlberta

A First Nations Community Response to FASD This session explores a First Nations community response to FASD in a community based, culturally informed and collective way. YourAlberta

The Interface of FASD and Co-Occurring Issues - NOFAS Webinar - Daniel Dubovsky Many individuals with an FASD have co-occurring mental health and other issues. Some reasons for this are genetic vulnerability, personality structure, repeated experience of loss, trauma, and stress, and environmental experiences. AlcoholFreePregnancy

RESEARCH

A study of the effects of prenatal alcohol exposure on white matter microstructural integrity at birth Background Neuroimaging studies have indicated that prenatal alcohol exposure is associated with alterations in the structure of specific brain regions in children. However, the temporal and regional specificity of such changes and their behavioural consequences are less known. Acta Neuropsychiatrica

Prenatal ethanol exposure and placental hCG and IGF2 expression Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) is the main cause of preventable non-genetic mental retardation. Diagnosis of prenatal exposure to ethanol (PEE) is based on questionnaires and biomarkers in perinatal matrices. Early diagnosis of FASD is important to mitigate secondary disabilities that will arise later in life. It is important to identify biomarkers related to cellular damage caused by PEE. Placenta

Impaired arousal in rat pups with prenatal alcohol exposure is modulated by GABAergic mechanisms Prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) increases the risk for The Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) in human infants. In rat pups, the arousal response to hypoxia is modulated by medullary raphe GABAergic mechanisms. Physiological Reports

Prenatal alcohol exposure is associated with regionally thinner cortex during the preadolescent period Children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) may exhibit craniofacial dysmorphology, neurobehavioral deficits, and reduced brain volume. Cerebral Cortex

Embryonic alcohol exposure: towards the development of a zebrafish model of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) is a devastating disease of the brain caused by exposure to alcohol during prenatal development. Its prevalence exceeds 1%. Developmental Psychobiology

Evaluation of a multilevel and integrated program to raise awareness of the harmful effects of prenatal alcohol exposure in a local community To evaluate a multilevel program to raise awareness of the risks of prenatal exposure to alcohol in the area of Treviso (Italy). The program started in 2008 and consists of an action-research experience involving health professionals of maternal–child services, and in the campaign ‘Mamma Beve Bimbo Beve’, targeted to the childbearing-aged population. Alcohol and Alcoholism

Anterior cingulate cortex surface area relates to behavioral inhibition in adolescents with and without heavy prenatal alcohol exposure Prenatal alcohol exposure is associated with behavioral disinhibition, yet the brain structure correlates of this deficit have not been determined with sufficient detail. We examined the hypothesis that the structure of the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) relates to inhibition performance in youth with histories of heavy prenatal alcohol exposure (AE, n = 32) and non-exposed controls (CON, n = 21). Behavioural Brain Research

Prenatal ethanol exposure alters ethanol-induced Fos inmunoreactivity and dopaminergic activity in the mesocorticolimbic pathway of the adolescent brain Prenatal ethanol exposure (PEE) promotes alcohol intake during adolescence, as shown in clinical and pre-clinical animal models. The mechanisms underlying this effect of prenatal ethanol exposure on postnatal ethanol intake remain, however, mostly unknown. Neuroscience

Prenatal substance exposure: what predicts behavioral resilience by early adolescence? Understanding behavioral resilience among at-risk adolescents may guide public policy decisions and future programs. We examined factors predicting behavioral resilience following intrauterine substance exposure in a prospective longitudinal birth-cohort study of 136 early adolescents (ages 12.4–15.9 years) at risk for poor behavioral outcomes. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors

The fetal alcohol spectrum disorder and homelessness project: making connections for promising practice The focus of this brief paper is to describe a current research project exploring the lived experiences of individuals with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) who are supported by the homeless-serving sector in Calgary, Alberta. Journal of Substance Abuse and Alcoholism

Exposure to female fertility pheromones influences men's drinking Research has shown that humans consciously use alcohol to encourage sexual activity. In the current study, we investigated whether decision making about alcohol use and sex can be cued outside of awareness by recently revealed sexual signaling mechanisms. Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology

Correlates of lifetime trauma exposure among pregnant women from Cape Town, South Africa A cross-sectional survey of 298 pregnant women from Cape Town, South Africa was conducted to examine socio-demographic, reproductive health, mental health, and relationship correlates of lifetime trauma exposure and whether these correlates vary as a function of age. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction

IN OTHER LANGUAGES

W ciąży groźny nawet kieliszek wina W Wojewódzkim Specjalistycznym Szpitalu Dziecięcym w Olsztynie odbyła się konferencja „Nie pozwól odlecieć swojemu szczęściu!” dotycząca profilaktyki używania substancji psychoaktywnych przez kobiety w ciąży. Radio eM 107,6 FM (Poland)

Fasd: FAS, ARND, ARBD/ I problemi del neonato dovuti al consumo di alcol in gravidanza Bere alcolici durante la dolce attesa può portare gravi danni al neonato. FAS, ARND, ARBD sono le sindromi legate al consumo di alcol in gravidanza. Vi spieghiamo qui di seguito di cosa si tratta. alfemminile.com (Italy)

Vollrausch im Mutterleib: Alkohol-Tabu zu unbekannt Das Baby im Bauch trinkt mit: Bundesweit kommen jährlich rund 10 000 Jungen und Mädchen mit alkoholbedingten Schädigungen zur Welt. Dabei wäre ihr Schicksal vermeidbar, sagen Experten. FOCUS Online (Germany)

W ciąży ani kropli alkoholu Dziecko w brzuchu matki pije razem z nią - ostrzegają eksperci. W Niemczech rodzi się rocznie 10 tys. dzieci z wadami rozwojowymi wywołanymi spożywaniem napojów alkoholowych przez matkę w trakcie ciąży. Onet.pl (Poland)

FASD news 25/2015


Week 21, 2015

PRESS

Parliament One Step Closer: Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder & The Criminal Code The Canadian justice system is one step closer to recognising the potential impacts of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder. This week the Canada Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder Research Network (CanFASD) was acknowledged by the Parliamentary Standing Committee on Justice and Human Rights as a 'vital' contributor in its report on Bill C-583, An Act to Amend the Criminal Code. Benzinga (Canada)

Foetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder Statistics on the Rise Health and community workers across Northland are concerned at the growing number of young people who are being diagnosed with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD). At a forum on ‘FASD and Justice’ held in Whangarei last Friday, attended by more than 120 people, concerns were raised about the suspected number of children that may be affected by their mothers drinking during pregnancy in the region. Scoop.co.nz (New Zealand)

Judge: NZ courts ill-equipped for foetal alcohol cases What's Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD)? Had our courts known the answer twenty years ago, Teina Pora would have likely led a very different life. 3News NZ (New Zealand)

Speaking of Your Health: Alcohol and drug-related birth defects May 10-16 was Alcohol & Drug-Related Birth Defects Awareness Week. The National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence (NCADD) plays a major and vital role across the US in educating people, especially women, about the dangers of consuming alcohol and using drugs during pregnancy. Logan Daily News

Fetal Alcohol Exposure Influences Brain Structure, Gene Function Alcohol consumed early on in pregnancy may affect gene function in the brains of offspring, findings from a mouse model indicate. Neurology Advisor

Raising a foster child damaged by alcohol In three weeks, Kathryn White's son Chris will turn 18. There will be a little birthday celebration — and a hint of desperation. Los Angeles Times (USA)

MATERIALS

KnowFASD This site introduces the neurobehavioural difficulties that may appear throughout the lifespan of individuals with FASD. It is important to recognize that, being a spectrum disorder, FASD can look different for different individuals. KNOWFASD

RESEARCH

Pre- and postnatal exposure to moderate levels of ethanol can have long-lasting effects on hippocampal glutamate uptake in adolescent offspring The developing brain is vulnerable to the effects of ethanol. Glutamate is the main mediator of excitatory signals in the brain and is probably involved in most aspects of normal brain function during development. PLoS One

Voluntary exercise partially reverses neonatal alcohol-induced deficits in mPFC Layer II/III dendritic morphology of male adolescent rats Developmental alcohol exposure in humans can produce a wide range of deficits collectively referred to as Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD). FASD-related impairments in executive functioning later in life suggest long-term damage to the prefrontal cortex (PFC). Synapse

Early maternal alcohol consumption alters hippocampal DNA methylation, gene expression and volume in a mouse model The adverse effects of alcohol consumption during pregnancy are known, but the molecular events that lead to the phenotypic characteristics are unclear. To unravel the molecular mechanisms, we have used a mouse model of gestational ethanol exposure, which is based on maternal ad libitum ingestion of 10% (v/v) ethanol for the first 8 days of gestation (GD 0.5-8.5). Early neurulation takes place by the end of this period, which is equivalent to the developmental stage early in the fourth week post-fertilization in human. PLoS One

Placental fatty acid ethyl esters are elevated with maternal alcohol use in pregnancies complicated by prematurity The accumulation of fatty acid ethyl esters (FAEEs) in meconium of term newborns has been described as one potential biomarker of maternal alcohol use during pregnancy. FAEEs accumulate in multiple alcohol-exposed fetal tissues and in the placenta. PLoS One

Predictors of maternal drinking trajectories before and after pregnancy: evidence from a longitudinal study Little is known about patterns of change in alcohol consumption and predictors of these patterns over the prenatal to postnatal period. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology

Computer-delivered screening and brief intervention for alcohol use in pregnancy: a pilot randomized trial Although screening and brief intervention (SBI) for unhealthy alcohol use has demonstrated efficacy in some trials, its implementation has been limited. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research

IN OTHER LANGUAGES

Fast jede fünfte Schwangere trinkt Alkohol Schon kleine Mengen Alkohol während der Schwangerschaft können dem Ungeborenen schaden. Dennoch trinken nach Daten des Robert-Koch-Instituts zufolge fast 20 Prozent der schwangeren Frauen Alkohol. Süddeutsche.de (Germany)

Fredriks (16) mor drakk alkohol mens hun var gravid. Det fikk han betale for Fredrik Langbakk (16) svarer spørsmålet «Hvordan føles det å måtte betale for feilene din mor begikk allerede før du ble født?». Side2 (Norway)

Darum ist die Alkoholsucht so gefährlich Keine Frage, gegen ein schnelles Feierabendbier mit Freunden ist nichts einzuwenden. Doch regelmäßiger Alkoholkonsum sollte auf keinen Fall unterschätzt werden. Aus dem aktuellen Drogen- und Suchtbericht 2015 geht hervor, dass in Deutschland jährlich rund 74.000 Menschen an den Folgen von Alkohol-Missbrauch sterben. Frankfurter Rundschau (Germany)

Turvallista rajaa ei taida olla Yksi syntyy riemuun ja toinen murheeseen. Eino Leinon yli satavuotiaan runon sanat ovat ajankohtaiset ja totta synnytyssaleissa kaikkialla nykyajan Suomessa. Syyllinen on alkoholi. Savon Sanomat (Finland)


Week 19, 2015

PRESS

University Of Helsinki: Alcohol During Early Pregnancy Permanently Damages Babies Daunting new research out of the University of Helsinki claims that drinking alcohol, even during the early weeks of pregnancy, can cause irreversible damage to an unborn baby. The researchers claim that in the early stages of pregnancy, even before many women realize that they are pregnant, alcohol exposure can cause symptoms of fetal alcohol syndrome. The Inquisitr (Finland)

Frontline workers trained in growing disability, FASD Despite more education around the topic, the number of children born with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder continues to rise around the world. Globalnews.ca (Canada)

Yukon MP Ryan Leef's recommendations on FASD dropped A parliamentary committee has dropped recommendations proposed by Yukon MP Ryan Leef, which relate to how people with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder should be treated by the criminal justice system. CBC.ca (Canada)

Alcohol during pregnancy harmful to the unborn child ALCOHOL impacts people and societies in different ways and is determined by the volume of alcohol consumed, the pattern of drinking, and, on rare occasions, the quality of alcohol consumed. Alcohol is a psychoactive substance and its harmful use is known to have dependence-producing properties and cause more than 200 diseases among drinkers as well as devastating effects to innocent victims such as unborn children. New Vision (Uganda)

Bruce/Grey Health Unit launches Alcohol and Pregnancy Don’t Mix campaign Coasters with the message “Be safe. Have an alcohol-free pregnancy” are being distributed to licensed establishments throughout Grey Bruce this month. Simcoe.com

Can drinking alcohol harm the child before the mother knows she is pregnant? Alcohol drunk by a mouse in early pregnancy changes the way genes function in the brains of the offspring, shows the recent study conducted at the University of Helsinki. The early exposure was also later apparent in the brain structure of the adult offspring. The timing of the exposure corresponds to the human gestational weeks 3-6 in terms of fetal development. Medical Xpress

Unhealthy Behavior Among Teens Called 'Huge' Problem Drug and alcohol abuse during pregnancy that leads to serious birth defects is something health care providers have often warned the general public about, but the message often struggles to reach pregnant teens - until now. HealthNewsDigest.com

Dealing with congenital anomalies Congenital anomalies are important causes of childhood death, chronic illness and disability. They are also known as birth defects, congenital disorders or congenital malformations. Congenital anomalies can be defined as structural or functional anomalies that occur during intrauterine life. The Daily Star

FASD: Understanding the lack of understanding (and making progress) On Monday, Michelle Stewart, professor at the University of Regina’s Department of Justice, hosted a workshop and training session on FASD for community workers and professionals. Leader-Post

Roisin Shortall urges Varadkar to take action on pregnancy drinking The Government has been accused of doing far too little to tackle alcohol consumption by pregnant women, which causes life-long medical problems for children. Irish Examiner (Ireland)

MATERIALS and VIDEOS

Register for the 2015 FASD Learning Series sessions today! An updated schedule for the upcoming Learning Series sessions has been released! As always, you can also check out the previous FASD learning sessions. Alberta.ca

Concern over high rate of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome The rate of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome in South Africa is still amongst the most severe in the world. The Western Cape government, farm workers and farm owners met on Tuesday night in Wellington to discuss these concerns. SABC Digital News (South Africa)

Dangers of drinking while pregnant Alcohol abuse and Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) is on the increase in South Africa. The meeting of about 300 delegates of farmers and farm workers in the Wellington area near Cape Town has heard that South Africa has the highest statistics of FAS at 180 per thousand. SABC Digital News (South Africa)

RESEARCH

Hippocampal neuron populations are reduced in vervet monkeys with fetal alcohol exposure Prenatal exposure to beverage alcohol is a major cause of mild mental retardation and developmental delay. In nonendangered alcohol-preferring vervet monkeys, we modeled the most common nondysmorphic form of fetal alcohol syndrome disorder with voluntary drinking during the third trimester of pregnancy. Developmental Psychobiology

Amphetamine sensitization and cross-sensitization with acute restraint stress: impact of prenatal alcohol exposure in male and female rats Individuals with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) are at increased risk for substance use disorders (SUD). In typically developing individuals, susceptibility to SUD is associated with alterations in dopamine and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) systems, and their interactions. Psychopharmacology

Maternal drinking and risky sexual behavior in offspring Teenage mothers are more likely to use drugs, and their children are more likely to use substances and become pregnant during adolescence. Teenage mothers' substance use may play a role in the intergenerational risk for adolescent pregnancy. Health Education and Behavior

Correlates of partner support to abstain from prenatal alcohol use: a cross-sectional survey among Dutch partners of pregnant women Partners can play an important role, but are often ignored in interventions targeting the prevention of prenatal alcohol use. A better understanding of the correlates of partner support to abstain from prenatal alcohol use can help to make a better use of partner support. Health and Social Care in the Community

Chronic ethanol exposure during adolescence through early adulthood in female rats induces emotional and memory deficits associated with morphological and molecular alterations in hippocampus There is increasing evidence that heavy ethanol exposure in early life may produce long-lasting neurobehavioral consequences, since brain structural maturation continues until adolescence. It is well established that females are more susceptible to alcohol-induced neurotoxicity and that ethanol consumption is increasing among women, especially during adolescence. Journal of Psychopharmacology

Prevalence of fetal alcohol syndrome in a population-based sample of children living in remote Australia: the Lililwan* Project Aboriginal leaders concerned about high rates of alcohol use in pregnancy invited researchers to determine the prevalence of fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) and partial fetal alcohol syndrome (pFAS) in their communities. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health

IN OTHER LANGUAGES

Das erste Fläschchen Jede vierte Frau in Deutschland trinkt während der Schwangerschaft Alkohol. Die Folgen spüren die Kinder ein Leben lang. RP ONLINE (Germany)


Week 17, 2015

PRESS

FASD strategies: A needs and strength-based Focus It is natural for Mary Katasse and her family to look lovingly upon a child in the community who is behaving in a way that others may judge negatively. She understands at a deep level the possible struggles of both the child and parents; and she continues to educate us all about difference and the importance of unconditional love. Juneau Empire

Boy's death exposes gaps in support for those with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder Despite concerns raised about support for those with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) after the death of a young boy, a group that hoped to help expand its services was stymied in its bid to get additional money from the provincial budget. Regina Leader-Post

'I gave my children booze - and now I fear for their future' Tammy-Ann Julies* remembers “feeding” her eldest son alcohol for the first time about two years ago. It was a late Friday afternoon and the then eight-year-old Owen* and his mother shared a 750ml bottle of Black Label beer. Mail & Guardian Online (South Africa)

Hundreds of children left brain damaged by their mums drinking during pregnancy World Health Organisation research suggests at least one in 100 babies – the equivalent to about 7,500 – are born in the UK affected by their mother’s drinking every year. mirror.co.uk (UK)

The Mothering Project aims to break cycle of addiction Two years ago, when Stephanie Wesley walked through the doors of The Mothering Project, she was at rock bottom. CBCNews (Canada)

MATERIALS and VIDEOS

The Impact Of Drinking During Pregnancy Documentary 2015 This documentary investigates the impact of drinking during pregnancy, meet four people affected by foetal alcohol spectrum disorder, a condition present in roughly one in 100 babies born in Britain each year. ITV

Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders in Australia – the future is prevention Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) are increasingly recognised throughout Australia as important, but preventable, disorders that result in lifelong problems with health and learning, mental health, behaviour and substance misuse. The role of this article is to highlight current efforts, which are in their infancy, to recognise and prevent FASD in Australia. PHRP

Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Consultation Education and Training Services FASCETS Canada’s work is based on the neurobehavioural approach to Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) developed by Diane Malbin, MSW, founder of FASCETS in Portland, USA. FASCETS Canada and its two founders have been endorsed by FASCETS. FASCETS Canada

NOFAS Webinar: When Someone with an FASD is Arrested: What You Need to Know Though not everyone with an FASD gets in trouble with the law, research shows that these incidents occur far too frequently. This webinar will discuss research on how commonly troubles with the law occurs for people with FASD, and how many of the cognitive difficulties that occur in FASD can lead to problems when interacting with police, attorneys, and judges. Alcohol-Free Pregnancy

Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder resources for the justice system Researchers at the Telethon Kids Institute have developed a range of new resources to help lawyers, judicial officers and other justice professionals better deal with people who are impacted by Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD). HealthINFONet

RESEARCH

In utero exposure to low-dose alcohol induces reprogramming of mammary development and tumor risk in MMTV-erbB-2 transgenic mice There is increasing evidence that prenatal exposure to environmental factors may modify breast cancer risk later in life. This study aimed to investigate the effects of in utero exposure to low-dose alcohol on mammary development and tumor risk. International Journal of Molecular Sciences

Decision-making and evidence use during the process of prenatal record review in Canada: a multiphase qualitative study Prenatal records are potentially powerful tools for the translation of best-practice evidence into routine prenatal care. Although all jurisdictions in Canada use standardized prenatal records to guide care and provide data for health surveillance, their content related to risk factors such as maternal smoking and alcohol use varies widely. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth -

Verbal learning and memory impairment in children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders Previous studies using the California Verbal Learning Test-Children's Version (CVLT-C) to examine effects of heavy prenatal alcohol exposure on verbal learning and memory have reported impaired information acquisition (i.e., encoding), rather than retrieval, as the primary mechanism underlying learning and memory impairment. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research -

Eye movements reveal sexually dimorphic deficits in children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder We examined the accuracy and characteristics of saccadic eye movements in children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) compared with typically developing control children. Frontiers in Neuroscience

Using optical coherence tomography to rapidly phenotype and quantify congenital heart defects associated with prenatal alcohol exposure The most commonly used method to analyze congenital heart defects involves serial sectioning and histology. However, this is often a time-consuming process where the quantification of cardiac defects can be difficult due to problems with accurate section registration. Developmental Dynamics

Partner's influences and other correlates of prenatal alcohol use To investigate the influence of partners on alcohol consumption in pregnant women within the context of other factors. A Dutch nationwide online cross-sectional study among 158 pregnant women and their partners was conducted. Maternal and Child Health Journal

Genetics and epigenetics of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders Women drinking during pregnancy can result in Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD), which features neurodevelopmental deficit, facial dysmorphology, growth retardation, and learning disability. Frontiers

Alcohol consumption during pregnancy and adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes Lack of evidence is not the same as evidence of absence of risk and, in this case, no evidence of harm does not mean evidence of no harm; subsequently, no amount of alcohol during pregnancy can be considered safe based on research evidence. Epidemiol Community Health

IN OTHER LANGUAGES

Alcol: il Parlamento propone di indicarne le calorie sulle etichette Una nuova strategia europea sull’alcool vuole informare il consumatore sul contenuto nutrizionale delle bevande alcoliche concentrandosi soprattutto sui minori e la guida in stato di ebrezza. EuNews

Υποχρεωτική πια η αναγραφή των θερμίδων στα αλκοολούχα Προτάσεις για τη σήμανση περιεχομένου θερμίδων των αλκοολούχων ποτών θα πρέπει να υποβάλει η Ευρωπαϊκή Επιτροπή, το αργότερο το 2016, τόνισε το ΕΚ χθες Τετάρτη. Ant1iwo (Greece)


Week 14, 2015

PRESS

One glass of wine can stop foetus breathing, study claims Professor Peter Hepper from Queen’s University Belfast carried out a study, the first of its kind, looking at the effects of low-level alcohol exposure on foetuses in the womb through the use of 18-weeks scans on women who drank two and a half units of alcohol per week; the equivalent to a glass of wine (200ml). Irish Times

Missed Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Cases Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) often goes undetected in children, either because health care professionals miss the diagnosis or medical records don’t adequately document the signs and symptoms. But if children with FAS aren’t properly diagnosed, they’re excluded from records-based surveillance estimates, which are used to plan clinical services for kids with the syndrome. JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association

New research may lead to better outcomes for children born with fetal alcohol syndrome According to a recent study, about half of the 6.6 million pregnancies in the United States each year are unplanned. As a result, many women may not know they are pregnant in time to change behaviors that might be detrimental to unborn children, such as drinking alcohol. Vital Record

Spotlighting the dangers of alcohol during pregnancy Sometimes, people assume that efforts to educate young people about substance abuse have to focus on teens and their parents. The Newark Advocate

Prison ombudsman to offer insights into detainees with fetal alcohol syndrome People with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder wind up in correctional facilities across the country and face many challenges while there, says Correctional Investigator, Howard Sapers. iPolitics.ca (Canada)

Karel Homrig: Alcohol poses great risks to unborn children April is National Alcohol Awareness Month, a time to increase public awareness and understanding, reduce stigma and encourage local communities to focus on alcohol and alcohol-related issues. The State Journal-Register

Brampton man vows to demystify the jargon of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder Noble Initiatives, a Brampton organization providing hope and education to those caring for someone with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD), is hosting a conference in Mississauga, Thursday, April 9. InsideHalton.com

Senate passes alcohol and pregnancy bill On Monday, the Arkansas Senate unanimously passed the Alcohol and Pregnancy Awareness Act. THV 11 (USA)

Prisons falling behind in treating fetal alcohol cases: Sapers Prisons are doing a poor job of treating inmates afflicted with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder, Correctional Investigator Howard Sapers told a justice and human rights committee Monday afternoon. iPolitics.ca (Canada)

My mother, the alcoholic: living with foetal alcohol syndrome Should heavy drinking in pregnancy be a crime? A recent test case in the UK was thrown out, but in the US hundreds of women have been imprisoned. We meet women and children affected by foetal alcohol syndrome. The Guardian (UK)

'Brain Gains' session helps individuals with FASD Aaron Bowerman Right to Play Coordinator at Sheguiandah First Nation hosted Anishinabek Nation Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder Worker Laura Liberty and FASD front line workers. They all participated in an informative training session called “Brain Gains” aimed at improving physical activity levels for children exposed to alcohol during pregnancy. Anishinabek News (Canada)

VIDEOS


We had the pleasure of interviewing a wonderful family about their experience with FAS (fetal alcohol syndrome), a type of birth defect in the FASD (fetal alcohol spectrum disorders) category.
Sandy Ren


Picture This: Life as a Parent of Children with FASD A Photovoice Project that brought mothers together to talk about their experiences in caring for children with FASD.


FASD: The Basics PSA
MentalHealthTrust

RESEARCH

White matter integrity of the cerebellar peduncles as a mediator of effects of prenatal alcohol exposure on eyeblink conditioning Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) are characterized by a range of neurodevelopmental deficits that result from prenatal exposure to alcohol. These can include cognitive, behavioural, and neurological impairment, as well as structural and functional brain damage. Human Brain Mapping

Effects of ethanol exposure in utero on Cajal-Retzius cells in the developing cortex Prenatal exposure to ethanol exerts teratogenic effects on the developing brain. Here, we tested the hypothesis that exposure to ethanol in utero alters the disposition of Cajal–Retzius cells that play a key role in orchestrating proliferation, migration, and laminar integration of cortical neurons in the embryonic cortex. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research

Neuroimaging effects of prenatal alcohol exposure on the developing human brain: a magnetic resonance imaging review There is a critical gap in the literature of MRI studies in alcohol-exposed children under 5 years of age across all MRI modalities. The dynamic nature of brain maturation and appreciation of the effects of alcohol exposure on the developing trajectory of the structural and functional network argue for the prioritisation of studies that include a longitudinal approach to understanding this spectrum of effects and potential therapeutic time points. Acta Neuropsychiatrica

Postnatal administration of allopregnanolone modifies glutamate release but not BDNF content in striatum samples of rats prenatally exposed to ethanol Ethanol consumption during pregnancy may induce profound changes in fetal CNS development. We postulate that some of the effects of ethanol on striatal glutamatergic transmission and neurotrophin expression could be modulated by allopregnanolone, a neurosteroid modulator of GABA-A receptor activity. BioMed Research International

Romantic partner influences on prenatal and postnatal substance use in young couples Alcohol, tobacco and other drug use (ATOD) among adolescent and young adult couples during prenatal and postnatal periods is a significant public health problem, and couples may mutually influence each others' ATOD behaviors. Journal of Public Health

Universal screening programs for gestational exposures Journal of Pediatrics

The protective effect of vitamin E against prenatal and early postnatal ethanol treatment-induced heart abnormality in rats: a 3-month follow-up study Ethanol consumption during pregnancy is associated with fetal heart malformation. However, the underlying mechanism of prenatal ethanol exposure causing heart malfunction is not well known. International Immunopharmacology

Community translation of the Math Interactive Learning Experience Program for children with FASD The Math Interactive Learning Experience (MILE), a program designed to address academic and behavioral problems found in children with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD), was found to be effective in a randomized clinical trials with results that persisted at a 6-month follow-up. Research in Developmental Disabilities

Self-regulation therapy increases frontal gray matter in children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder: evaluation by voxel-based morphometry Children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder show executive function (EF) deficits, particularly in self-regulation skills, and abnormalities in brain regions critical for these skills. None of the validated EF interventions for these children has been evaluated with regards to impacts on brain structure. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience

IN OTHER LANGUAGES

Hilfe für alkoholgeschädigte Kinder geehrt Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder, kurz FASD, ist zur Lebensaufgabe von Hans-Lduwig Spohr geworden. Seit über 40 Jahren beschäftigt sich der Arzt mit der Diagnostik angeborener Gesundheitsstadt Berlin (Germany)

Alcoolisation fœtale : les mesures avant-gardistes du Canada De l’hôpital à la prison, des programmes scolaires aux interventions sociales, le Canada a développé des mesures avant-gardistes pour répondre aux défis posés par les troubles causés par l’alcoolisation fœtale (TCAF). Le Monde (France)

Neues Führungspersonal in Sülzhayn Heute hat Ingo Engelmeyer die Position des Klinikgeschäftsführers am KMG Reha-Zentrum Sülzhayn für Kinder, Jugendliche und junge Erwachsene mit neurologischem Schwerpunkt übernommen... Neue Nordhäuser Zeitung (Germany)


Week 11, 2015

NEWS and ARTICLES

SAfrica report on sick baby triggers media, politics debate "Baby Thomas never had a chance," begins a South African newspaper report about the toll of fetal alcohol syndrome. The baby's alcoholic mother was a grape harvester who was paid in bottles of wine, it said. U-T San Diego (South Africa)

Extreme Rate of Prenatal Alcohol Disorders in Poor The prevalence of neurodevelopmental disorders associated with prenatal alcohol exposure (ND-PAE) is extreme in low-income patients, new research suggests. Medscape (USA)

Pregnant Woman Denied A Glass Of Wine A woman, who was 36.5 weeks pregnant, was astonished when she was refused of a single glass of sparkling wine to celebrate her wedding anniversary last March 17. This happened at Mac’s Brewbar at the Nuffield Street Trading Company in Auckland, Australia. Health Aim (Australia)

Announcing a Unique Holistic Approach to Rehab for Pregnant Women at New Directions for Women Though the dangers of combining pregnancy with chemical dependency are well known, the all-too-common nature of the problems this deadly combination causes has spurred the womens-only rehab facility New Directions for Women to take a unique female- and family-oriented approach. Digital Journal

Baird pledges $2.3 million to fight fetal alcohol spectrum disorder, new centre NSW will open the first Australian centre dedicated to diagnosing and treating children damaged by their mother's drinking during pregnancy, under an election commitment from the Liberal government. The Age (Australia)

Whitehorse lawyer to talk to federal committee about FASD bill A Whitehorse member of the Canadian Bar Association will address the House of Commons Standing Committee on Justice and Human Rights about amendments to Bill C-583 today via video link. The private member's bill, first introduced by Yukon MP Ryan Leef, would help recognize Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder as a brain disease. CBC.ca (Canada)

Don’t kid yourself, drinking while pregnant isn’t harmless warns Kerry Parnell “MY mum drank when she was having me and I turned out fine.” How many times have you heard that statement from a pregnant woman as she confidently quaffs a glass of wine? The Daily Telegraph

South Africa: SA Today - We Cannot Be Sidetracked in the Fight Against Foetal Alcohol Syndrome It is unforgivable that the most common cause of mental disability in the world is 100% preventable. AllAfrica.com

'No Shame, No Blame' FASD conference aims to bring awareness The North Shore Tribal Council (NSTC) held its fifth annual Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder Conference at the Serpent River First Nation Lifestyles Centre in Cutler on March 3. Anishinabek News (Canada)

UPCOMING EVENTS

Free Training Event on the Impact of FASD in Child-Serving Systems - April 23 This free training explores the impact of FASD in the child welfare and court systems and would benefit professionals that work with these child-serving systems i.e. CPS employees, CASA volunteers, legal professionals, foster and adoptive parents, Recovery Coaches, Home Visitors, Juvenile Justice professionals, Policy Advocates, and Behavioral Health and Developmental Disabilities professionals.

VIDEOS and MATERIALS

The Body-Behaviour Connection: A first hand perspective about FASD Liz Lawryk, Chief Clinical Examiner and Executive Director of the FASD Foundation, Canada. Myles Himmelreich, living with FASD he provides a multidimentional, educational perspective. forebygging.no

ALCOHOL AND WOMEN Women are more vulnerable than men to the effects of alcohol because of differences in their weight and body composition, and the way they metabolize alcohol. However, social norms, not biology, are the primary reason why women who drink too much are more vulnerable to physical and sexual violence. These are the main conclusions of the latest publication in the Alcohol and Health series from Éduc’alcool, which is being released in time for International Women’s Day. Educalcool (Canada)

6th International FASD Conference presentations

NOFAS Webinar: Treating FASD with Nutritional Interventions Dr. Wozniak will present background information on brain imaging studies (his own and others) examining the impact of prenatal alcohol use on child brain development. In addition, he will describe a recently completed set of clinical trials that tested a non-drug, nutritional intervention for brain development in Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders. Alcohol-Free Pregnancy

RESEARCH

Moderate prenatal alcohol exposure enhances GluN2B containing NMDA receptor binding and ifenprodil sensitivity in rat agranular insular cortex Prenatal exposure to alcohol affects the expression and function of glutamatergic neurotransmitter receptors in diverse brain regions. The present study was undertaken to fill a current gap in knowledge regarding the regional specificity of ethanol-related alterations in glutamatergic receptors in the frontal cortex. PLoS One

Maternal L-glutamine supplementation prevents prenatal alcohol exposure-induced fetal growth restriction in an ovine model Prenatal alcohol exposure is known to cause fetal growth restriction and disturbances in amino acid bioavailability. Alterations in these parameters can persist into adulthood and low birth weight can lead to altered fetal programming. Amino Acids

Docosahexaenoic acid partially ameliorates deficits in social behavior and ultrasonic vocalizations caused by prenatal ethanol exposure Prenatal ethanol exposure disrupts social behavior in humans and rodents. One system particularly important for social behavior is the somatosensory system. Prenatal ethanol exposure alters the structure and function of this area. Behavioural Brain Research

The impact of prenatal alcohol exposure on hippocampal-dependent outcome measures is influenced by prenatal and early-life rearing conditions The clinical course of individuals exposed to alcohol in utero is influenced by multiple factors, including the social environments of the gravid female and offspring. In the present studies we focused on the effects of prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) and the prenatal and early-life social environments on the hippocampal formation, as impaired development and functioning of this brain region have been implicated in several of the adverse cognitive outcomes associated with PAE. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research

Effects of prenatal alcohol exposure on the development of white matter volume and change in executive function Prenatal alcohol exposure can cause a wide range of deficits in executive function that persist throughout life, but little is known about how changes in brain structure relate to cognition in affected individuals. NeuroImage: Clinical

The effect of prenatal alcohol co-exposure on neonatal abstinence syndrome in infants born to mothers in opioid maintenance treatment This study examined the effects of prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) on the incidence and severity of neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS). Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine

A tensor-based morphometry analysis of regional differences in brain volume in relation to prenatal alcohol exposure Reductions in brain volumes represent a neurobiological signature of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD). Less clear is how regional brain tissue reductions differ after normalizing for brain size differences linked with FASD and whether these profiles can predict the degree of prenatal exposure to alcohol. NeuroImage: Clinical

Excitatory synaptic function and plasticity is persistently altered in ventral tegmental area dopamine neurons after prenatal ethanol exposure Prenatal ethanol exposure (PE) is one of the developmental factors leading to increased addiction propensity (risk). However, the neuronal mechanisms underlying this effect remain unknown. Neuropsychopharmacology

Dose effect of gestational ethanol exposure on placentation and fetal growth Prenatal ethanol exposure compromises fetal growth by impairing placentation. Invasive trophoblastic cells, which mediate placentation, express the insulin-IGF regulated gene, aspartyl-asparaginyl β-hydroxylase (ASPH), which has a critical role in cell motility and invasion. Placenta

Methods for surveillance of fetal alcohol syndrome: the fetal alcohol syndrome surveillance network II (FASSNetII) - Arizona, Colorado, New York, 2009 – 2014 Surveillance of fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) is important for monitoring the effects of prenatal alcohol exposure and describing the public health burden of this preventable disorder. Building on the infrastructure of the Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Surveillance Network (FASSNet, 1997–2002), in 2009 the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention awarded 5-year cooperative agreements to three states, Arizona, Colorado, and New York, to conduct population-based surveillance of FAS. Birth Defects Research Part A: Clinical and Molecular Teratology

Maternal alcohol intake around the time of conception causes glucose intolerance and insulin insensitivity in rat offspring, which is exacerbated by a postnatal high-fat diet Alcohol consumption throughout pregnancy can cause metabolic dysregulation, including glucose intolerance in progeny. This study determined if periconceptional (PC) alcohol (12% v/v in a liquid diet) (PC:EtOH) consumed exclusively around conception results in similar outcomes in Sprague-Dawley rats. FASEB Journal

Do pediatricians recognize fetal alcohol spectrum disorders in children with developmental and behavioral problems? Limited studies have examined pediatricians' knowledge, attitudes, and practice about fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs), and none have examined alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disabilities (ARND). Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics

Visual search for feature conjunctions: an fMRI study comparing alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorder (ARND) to ADHD Alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorder (ARND) falls under the umbrella of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD). Diagnosis of ARND is difficult because individuals do not demonstrate the characteristic facial features associated with fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS). Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders

IN OTHER LANGUAGES

Lekarz: Ciężarne pijaczki z Polski upijają się w ukryciu Alkoholowy Zespół Płodowy (w skrócie FAS - Fetal Alcohol Syndrome) to nieuleczalna choroba, która powstaje, gdy matka piła alkohol w czasie ciąży. fakt.pl (Poland)

Tausende betroffene Kinder: Wie Alkohol in der Schwangerschaft schadet Aggressionen, fehlende Orientierung, Hilflosigkeit: Wer im Mutterleib Alkohol ausgesetzt ist, startet oft in ein kompliziertes Leben. Viele Schwangere unterschätzen die Risiken des Trinkens, warnen Experten. SPIEGEL ONLINE (Germany)

Strašiak menom FAS Ak sa budúca matka rozhodne vypiť kedykoľvek počas tehotenstva alkoholický nápoj, riskuje tým trvalé poškodenie svojho nenarodeného dieťaťa, ktoré môže trpieť syndrómom FAS. SME.sk (Slovakia)


Week 9, 2015


Week 3, 2015


Week 1, 2015

CONTACT

European Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders Alliance
c/o FAS-föreningen
Norra Långgatan 8
S-261 32 LANDSKRONA
SWEDEN

Registered in Landskrona, Sweden
Tax office registration number 802459-2654

E-mail: info@eufasd.org

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